Between 2005 and 2008, GPE supported Kenya’s efforts to plan and implement measures that increased primary school enrollment from 72 percent in 2003, when Kenya made primary education free, to 88 percent in 2012. Over that period, the gap between girls and boys reached near parity. Education at the center of Kenya’s development strategy Under Vision 2030, Kenya’s strategy for 2008–2030, education is key to transform the country into an industrialized,
middle-income economy. Since 2008, spending on education has been around the GPE-advised target of at least 20 percent of the national budget.
In 2014, Kenya reached lower-middle income status. Despite remarkable progress in education and economic development, children from Kenya’s remote regions and disadvantaged backgrounds are less likely to go to or complete primary school than others. Kenya’s capacity to maintain and improve the quality of education has also not kept up with the growing numbers of children going to school, contributing to low student performance in early grade mathematics and reading.