Balochistan’s education indicators have been the worst among Pakistan’s four provinces in recent years because of economic, security, and political problems. Access to education in this large province was a particular challenge because many of its communities are sparsely populated. Almost half of the province’s 22,000 communities did not have a school nearby—and one million children were out of school.
While access to education was a key challenge, an equal concern was the lack of a supportive learning environment for students enrolled in school. 78% of schools lacked suitable buildings, trained teachers and adequate learning materials.
These challenges impeded the quality of education. According to a reading assessment conducted in 2013, only 38% of children tested in grade 5 could read a sentence in English, and only 32% in grade 3 could read a sentence in Urdu, the local language.
Balochistan intensifying efforts to tackle its education challenges
Since 2012, GPE has been helping the provincial government tackle its two most urgent problems in education: getting more children into school, especially girls, and getting them to learn and complete school. To help achieve this, GPE worked with the provincial government to develop an education plan for 2013–2018 that prioritized interventions on both fronts.
The plan also assessed the state of education in Balochistan and helped align partners behind the provincial government’s education strategy, mobilizing financial resources from donors and securing political will from the authorities to achieve the education goals.
GPE funded strategic elements of the plan through an implementation grant, which is the largest external contribution to the education sector in Balochistan, at nearly 49% of total external funding.
Improving school infrastructureThe focus of GPE’s support was to promote a community-school model to help ensure long-term sustainability and hence increase students’ enrollment and their transition to secondary school. The community-school model consists of two-room schools managed by the community and hiring teachers locally. With
GPE’s support, some 2,000 community members living close to the schools were trained in school construction and monitoring teacher attendance.
Since 2015, some 700 schools with new or renovated buildings were completed, and more than 100 girls’ schools from primary to secondary education were upgraded. To cut building costs, large-scale surveys were done to gather geospatial data and identify abandoned buildings that could be used as schools. This was an innovative and efficient way of identifying these buildings.
More qualified teachers recruited
To improve the quality of learning, GPE also supported the recruitment and training of qualified teachers. A strong focus was on hiring female teachers to help increase the enrollment of girls. Since 2015, 1,200 teachers have been recruited after passing the national testing service exam. These teachers also attended a comprehensive teacher training program before being assigned to a school.
Given the limited educational resources, a WhatsApp group for teachers was created, an innovative measure and low-cost use of technology to promote knowledge-sharing and peer learning between teachers.
Replacing paper-based monitoring with an Android application, the system collects data for indicators that include teacher attendance, enrollment, and physical infrastructure such as the functionality of toilets, drinking water facility and electricity. The system provides timely and accurate information at the school level which helps education officials make informed decisions based on real time data.
The school monitoring system is closely linked with the country’s education management information system and is an effective instrument to improve governance in the education system.
New education plan for 2019–2023
In early 2019, Balochistan received a new GPE grant to develop an education plan for 2019–2023 to sustain ongoing initiatives and revise strategies to tackle persistent education sector gaps. While Balochistan has made good progress, it still has a long way to go before all of the province’s children get a quality education.
Moving ahead, the provincial government is preparing a new education plan that, with the support of GPE and its partners, will continue to strengthen the province’s education system over the coming years.