Having endured long years of civil war and unrest, Somalia faces extreme poverty, high rates of displacement, and a devastated education system. For over two decades, schools were destroyed or unsafe, institutional structures were dismantled, and teachers and students were forced to flee.
The path towards a stronger education system
Recognizing the fundamental role education plays in development and growth, Puntland, a semi-autonomous region of Somalia, has taken important steps to transform its education system, leading to notable progress in the past few years.
According to the 2015-2016 education statistics yearbook, the primary gross enrollment rate increased from 41% in 2011/12 to 58% in 2015/16.
In addition, the percentage of certified teachers increased from 27% to 52% and drop-out rates are also remarkably lower, decreasing from 16% in 2014/15 to 9.4% in 2015/16.
Gaps persist in learning outcomes and gender parity but the positive trends demonstrate that the government’s efforts towards expanding access to quality education are fruitful.
Puntland’s 2017-2021 education sector plan reaffirms the government’s commitment to strengthening the education system. Capturing the voices of local stakeholders and showing signs of local ownership, the plan presents a roadmap to improve access and equity; quality and learning outcomes; and efficiency.