Education in Bangladesh

The Bangladeshi education system is one of the largest in the world with 21.9 million children in kindergartens and primary schools. Education spending accounts for 14.4% of national budget, which correspond to 2% of GDP.

The government of Bangladesh developed several policy documents, which outline the country’s guiding principles and strategies.

The PEDP-3 outlines six results areas:

  1. Learning outcomes
  2. Participation
  3. Reducing disparities
  4. Decentralization of school level planning
  5. Effective use of budget allocations
  6. Program planning and management

Blogs and news

February 07, 2019
Too many developing countries still don’t gather enough information on how much their children are learning. The Global Partnership for Education supports them to put in place the right systems and...
January 10, 2019
As we start 2019, we share some of our New Year’s resolutions to ensure more children are in school and learning.
November 20, 2018
For Universal Children’s Day, we review a few examples on how GPE partner countries work every day to further the right to education so that children, no matter their circumstances, can thrive.

Latest grant

Children in a classrom for refugee children in Bangladesh

CREDIT: GPE/Daisuke Kanazawa
Development objective: Respond to the education needs of crisis-affected children and youth (3-18 years) in Cox’s Bazar district.
Grant agent:UNICEF

In September 2018, the GPE Board approved US$8.3 million in accelerated financing for Bangladesh for the schooling of Rohingya children and youth in camps and those in surrounding host communities.

The interventions supported by the GPE grant are aligned with the Joint Response Plan (JRP) for Rohingya refugee crisis launched in March 2018. As such, the program contributes to the following strategic objectives of the JRP set by the Cox’s Bazar Education Sector:

  1. Provide immediate access to equitable learning opportunities in a safe and protective environment to crisis-affected refugee and host community children and youth (ages 3 to 24 years old).
  2. Improve the quality of teaching and learning for refugee and host community children and youth, aligned with the Ministry of Primary and Mass Education and education sector standards, and increase teaching-related professional development opportunities.
  3. Increase refugees and host community participation and engagement in children's education.

A learning framework outlining what Rohingya children should learn and how that will be assessed was developed by GPE partners in consultation with the government.

Read an update on the education activities as of May 2019


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2018-2020 8,332,407 1,107,040 UNICEF Progress update
2016-2018 90,833,333 90,833,333 IBRD Completion report
Program development 2015 100,000 IBRD
  TOTAL 99,265,740 91,940,373    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Bangladesh. Download this PDF to view the country’s progress on 16 results framework indicators monitored by the GPE Secretariat.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated May 17, 2019