Education in Bangladesh
The Bangladeshi education system is one of the largest in the world with 21.9 million children in kindergartens and primary schools. Education spending accounts for 14.4% of national budget, which correspond to 2% of GDP.
The government of Bangladesh developed several policy documents, which outline the country’s guiding principles and directions for education. The Third Primary Education Development Program (PEDP-3) is one of those and highlights four priority areas that aim to:
- Establish an integrated school system encompassing pre-school to higher secondary levels under a framework that unifies public, NGO and private providers.
- Ensure quality improvement through reduced class size and improved teaching practices.
- Decentralize primary education administration and management.
- Engage in partnerships with NGOs and the private sector.
The PEDP-3 is a six-year, sector-wide program covering Grades I through V and one year of pre-primary education. The objective is to establish an efficient, inclusive, and equitable primary education system delivering effective and relevant child-friendly learning to all Bangladesh’s children from pre-primary through Grade V primary.
The PEDP-3outlines six results areas:
- Learning outcomes
- Reducing disparities
- Decentralization of school level planning
- Effective use of budget allocations
- Program planning and management
Results in these areas are achieved through activities in twenty-nine subcomponents. Most activities affect all primary schools in Bangladesh. Some activities reach out to all primary school age children whether they participate in formal or non-formal education.
The expected outcomes of the PEDP-3 include:
- All children acquire expected grade-wise and subject-wise learning outcomes or competencies in the classroom.
- All children participate in pre-primary and primary education in all types of schools
- Regional and other disparities will be reduced in terms of participation, completion and learning outcomes