Education in Burkina Faso
Following a diagnostic work carried out in 2016, the government of Burkina Faso decided to review its education sector plan (Programme sectoriel de l’education et de la formation - PSEF) and has developed a new one for the period of 2017-2030.
The new education sector plan aims to (i) ensure a harmonious, equitable, and inclusive early childhood development, (ii) ensure a universal completion of primary cycle and establish equitable and quality basic education for all, (iii) deal with lack of trainers in technical and vocational high schools, (iv) extend technical and vocational training and education and adjust it to the needs of the economy, (v) adjust higher education to the needs of the economy, (vi) foster governance in the management of the sector for an efficient conversion of resources into results.
The country envisions a democratic, performing, and inclusive education system, which is also open to the world and develops the required competences and expertise that meet the needs of the socioeconomic development of Burkina Faso.
To achieve this vision, the PSEF is built around three strategic programs, which seek to:
- Increase access to education and training by investing in infrastructure, hiring teachers and trainers and by reducing inequalities in access to education and training at all levels,
- Improve the quality of learning by enhancing teaching and learning at school and university levels and also in technical and vocational trainings,
- Foster governance in the management of the education and training sector.
All amounts are in US dollars.
Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.
Primary Gross Enrollment Rate (%)
Primary Completion Rate (%)
Lower Secondary Completion Rate (%)
Out-of-school Children Rate (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as a Share of Public Expenditure (%)
Public Expenditure on Primary as a Share of Total Education Expenditure (%)
Student/Trained teacher ratio
Teachers Trained (%)
GPE in Burkina Faso
In December 2017, the GPE Board approved a new grant to Burkina Faso of US$33.8 million to be channeled through a pooled fund in support of the implementation of the country’s education sector plan. The grant will be implemented over four years, from 2018 to 2021. Some of the funds will be dedicated to capacity development.
With regards to the variable part of the new grant (30% or US$10.14 million), Burkina Faso committed to achieving the following results:
- Efficiency: Increase the share of budget allocated to deconcentrated services
- Equity: Increase the enrollment rate in primary school in the 2 priority provinces of Soum and Oudalan in the Sahel region
- Learning outcomes: Increase the ratio of essential textbooks per student in grades 1 and 2.
Source: Document de programme. Août 2017
The previous GPE program began in November 2013 and closed in December 2017. It has contributed to the following progress (results are for 2016):
- The gross enrollment rate in primary school increased from 81.3% in 2013 to 86.1% in 2016,
- The post-primary transition rate increased from 52% in 2013 to 65.8%,
- 449 additional classrooms were built in priority communes,
- The success rate in the certificate of primary education increased from 60.90% in 2013 to 67.30% in 2016,
- 106,170 young and adult participants enrolled to literacy program,
- More than 630 teachers were recruited for technical and vocational training,
- 60 preschool teachers were recruited and trained,
- 5,780 primary school teachers were recruited and trained,
- 900 post-primary school teachers were recruited,
- 31,061 tons of food supply were purchased for primary school students, benefitting 2,952,472 students for the 2016/17 school year,
- 475 education supervisors and head of schools were trained in inclusive education to support students with specific needs,
- 519 trainers, education supervisors and teachers were trained in inclusive education,
- A network of media for inclusive education with 74 member journalists was established.
Source: Rapport de suivi annuel 2016 du PDSEB pour la période de janvier à décembre 2016 (published in March 2017)