Education in Burkina Faso

Following a diagnostic work carried out in 2016, the government of Burkina Faso decided to review its education sector plan (Programme sectoriel de l’education et de la formation - PSEF) and has developed a new one for the period of 2017-2030.

The new education sector plan aims to (i) ensure a harmonious, equitable, and inclusive early childhood development, (ii) ensure a universal completion of primary cycle and establish equitable and quality basic education for all, (iii) deal with lack of trainers in technical and vocational high schools, (iv) extend technical and vocational training and education and adjust it to the needs of the economy, (v) adjust higher education to the needs of the economy, (vi) foster governance in the management of the sector for an efficient conversion of resources into results.

The country envisions a democratic, performing, and inclusive education system, which is also open to the world and develops the required competences and expertise that meet the needs of the socioeconomic development of Burkina Faso.

To achieve this vision, the PSEF is built around three strategic programs, which seek to:

  1. Increase access to education and training by investing in infrastructure, hiring teachers and trainers and by reducing inequalities in access to education and training at all levels,
  2. Improve the quality of learning by enhancing teaching and learning at school and university levels and also in technical and vocational trainings,
  3. Foster governance in the management of the education and training sector.

Blogs and news

Photo story: In the Sahel region in Africa, millions of children cannot go to school due to terrorism or natural disasters. In Burkina Faso, we meet teachers and government officials who fight...
Less than two months before the Global Partnership for Education’s (GPE) Financing Conference, the GPE Board of Directors agreed on key reforms to further strengthen GPE for future growth, and...
A three-year project assisted Burkina Faso, Senegal and Niger in developing effective reading instruction by aligning national curricula with teaching materials, training and assessment

Latest grant

Student in class three at the Sandogo “B” Primary School, District 7, Ouagadougou. Burkina Faso, November 2017.

CREDIT: GPE / Kelley Lynch
Development objective: increase the share of budget allocated to deconcentrated services, increase the enrollment rate in primary school and increase the ratio of essential textbooks per students
Grant agent:AFD

In December 2017, the GPE Board approved a grant to Burkina Faso of US$33.8 million to be channeled through a pooled fund in support of the implementation of the country’s education sector plan. The grant is implemented over four years, from 2018 to 2022. Some of the funds are dedicated to capacity development.

With regards to the variable part of the new grant (30% or US$10.14 million), Burkina Faso committed to achieving the following results:

  • Efficiency: Increase the share of budget allocated to deconcentrated services
  • Equity: Increase the enrollment rate in primary school in the 2 priority provinces of Soum and Oudalan in the Sahel region
  • Learning outcomes: Increase the ratio of essential textbooks per student in grades 1 and 2.

The French Development Agency serves as grant agent, while the UNICEF serves as the coordinating agency.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2018-2022 33,800,000 7,878,667 AFD
2013-2017 78,200,000 78,200,000 AFD Completion report
2009-2012 102,000,000 102,000,000 IBRD Completion report
Sector plan development 2016 208,041 207,175 UNICEF
Program development 2012 44,885 44,885 AFD
  TOTAL 214,252,926 188,330,727    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Burkina Faso. For detailed results from GPE funding, please look for progress reports in the grants section.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Public expenditure on education as a share of public expenditure (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated September 20, 2018