Education in Burkina Faso
Following a diagnostic work carried out in 2016, the government of Burkina Faso decided to review its education sector plan (Programme sectoriel de l’education et de la formation - PSEF) and has developed a new one for the period of 2017-2030.
The new education sector plan aims to (i) ensure a harmonious, equitable, and inclusive early childhood development, (ii) ensure a universal completion of primary cycle and establish equitable and quality basic education for all, (iii) deal with lack of trainers in technical and vocational high schools, (iv) extend technical and vocational training and education and adjust it to the needs of the economy, (v) adjust higher education to the needs of the economy, (vi) foster governance in the management of the sector for an efficient conversion of resources into results.
The country envisions a democratic, performing, and inclusive education system, which is also open to the world and develops the required competences and expertise that meet the needs of the socioeconomic development of Burkina Faso.
To achieve this vision, the PSEF is built around three strategic programs, which seek to:
- Increase access to education and training by investing in infrastructure, hiring teachers and trainers and by reducing inequalities in access to education and training at all levels,
- Improve the quality of learning by enhancing teaching and learning at school and university levels and also in technical and vocational trainings,
- Foster governance in the management of the education and training sector.
All amounts are in US dollars.
Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.
Primary Gross Enrollment Rate (%)
Primary Completion Rate (%)
Lower Secondary Completion Rate (%)
Out-of-school Children Rate (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as a Share of Public Expenditure (%)
Public Expenditure on Primary as a Share of Total Education Expenditure (%)
Student/Trained teacher ratio
Teachers Trained (%)
GPE in Burkina Faso
The GPE joined forces with other donors in the achievement of the following results:
- Developing access to formal education at all levels through (i) the development and management of infrastructure, (ii) teacher and staff recruitment, (iii) improving health, hygiene, and nutrition conditions, (iv) promoting equality and equity, (v) mobilizing all stakeholders in the development of the basic education sector, and (vi) promoting inclusive education.
- Improving the quality of formal education through (i) initial and ongoing staff training, (ii) developing and revising the curricula and teacher training programs, (iii) promoting bilingualism and multilingualism, and (iv) improving learning through a learner-centered approach.
- Developing non-formal education through increasing the supply and quality of non-formal education programs.
- Supporting formal basic education services by (i) coordinating between public, private, and SCO (ii) managing the decentralization of the basic education sector, (iii) mobilizing resources and financing the basic education sector, and (iv) strengthening management capacity of actors and structures in charge of the basic education sector.
Source: Program document, 2013
The current GPE program began in November 2013 and has contributed to the following progress:
- The gross enrollment rate increased, 81.3% to 86.1% in primary school.
- The student-ratio per teacher in primary level decreased from 51 students per teacher in 2013/2014 to 48 students per teacher in 2015/2016
- The primary completion rate in primary was 58.4%, with girls (60.4%) outperforming boys (56.6%).
- The success rate in the certificate of primary education is at 61%.
Source: Rapport annuel de suivi de la mise en œuvre du PDSEB 2016