Education in Burundi

Following the socio-political events of 2015, the government of Burundi developed a medium-term transitional education plan for 2018-2020, instead of continuing with the implementation of the 2012-2020 Education and Training Development Sector Plan. This enables the government to focus its efforts on basic education, protect the gains until the country overcomes the current unrest and prepare a comprehensive sector plan at the end of the transitional period.

After a participatory process, the government and the development partners endorsed the transitional plan in May 2018. The plan focuses on basic education in order to support the basic education reform launched at the start of the 2013/2014 academic year and meet the major challenges identified by the 2014 Education Country Status Report (CSR) and the analysis of risks and vulnerabilities conducted in 2017.  Considerable challenges persist in terms of equity, efficiency and learning outcomes.

The education sector is a priority for the government of Burundi in view of the share of its budget earmarked for education. The share of the education sector in recurrent expenditure excluding public debt has always been high. It rose from 31.1% in 2012 to 34.1% in 2016 and is planned to increase to 36% by 2020.

The local education group is the lead platform for dialogue and cooperation between the government and its partners. The Ministry of Education co-chairs the regular LEG meetings alongside the lead partner’s representative, which demonstrates the national authorities’ commitment to coordinating the sector with the partners.

Blogs and news

Children at So-Ava primary school near Cotonou, Benin. Credit: GPE /Chantal Rigaud
April 08, 2019
More than US$176 million approved in new grants to Benin, Burundi, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Tanzania and Uzbekistan.
 Fabiola during an awareness raising session at school. Credit: Humanity & Inclusion
November 13, 2018
Meet Regine, a parent peer educator in Burundi, whose job is to raise awareness among parents of children with disabilities about their right to education.
UNICEF, with the support of GPE, launched  the “Back to School” campaign to help more than one million children get learning materials in seven of the most deprived provinces in Burundi.
February 07, 2018
UNICEF, with the support of the Global Partnership for Education, launched the “Back to School” campaign to help more than one million children get learning materials in seven of the most deprived...

Latest grant

Happy children in Burundi. Burundi, September 2013.

CREDIT: UNICEF Burundi/Nijimbere
Development objective: Preserve the achievements and continuity of the education system and contribute to the reduction of vulnerabilities
Years:2019 - 2024
Grant agent:AFD

The GPE Board approved a US$25.6 million grant to Burundi in March 2019. The program is designed to help the national authorities uphold the education system’s achievements and contribute to reducing vulnerabilities. It will help Burundi, in close collaboration with all its development partners, to continue to make progress to safeguard the right to education. The program has five components.

Component 1: Improve intake capacities to help improve learning conditions and students’ academic progression, and reduce disparities. Main activities include school building, definition and implementation of procedures to improve local resources management, and development of a school infrastructure maintenance and rehabilitation strategy.

Component 2: Improve the quality of learning and system efficiency to improve teaching-learning processes and conditions to scale up learning outcomes and foster continuous schooling. Main activities include building capacities to teach the French language as a subject and use French as a language of instruction to facilitate the linguistic transition; improve science teaching conditions and practices in cycle 4 by providing schools with laboratory and IT equipment; build teacher and trainer skills in testing and remedial practices to reduce repetition.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2019-2024 25,600,000 AFD
2016-2019 20,100,000 19,695,017 UNICEF Progress report
2013-2016 32,800,000 32,800,000 Belgium
Sector plan development 2017 416,927 - UNICEF
Program development 2017 234,000 - AFD
  TOTAL 79,150,927 52,495,017    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Burundi. Download this PDF to view the country’s progress on 16 results framework indicators monitored by the GPE Secretariat.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated April 05, 2019