Education in Central African Republic

The 2013 crisis has had extremely negative impacts on the education system. The Education Cluster Survey on the State of Education reported that enrollment rates had plunged 6% in 2015 compared to 2012 since schools were not operational. The main reasons for this are a lack of teachers (49% of cases), population displacement (31% ), destruction of premises (21% ), and insecurity (26%).

In addition, there have been 81 reported cases of attacks on the education system since 2017. Qualified teachers fleeing the fighting in rural areas are often replaced by poorly qualified or unqualified parent-teachers, with public primary schools counting 61%of parent-teachers.

The 2015-2017 Transitional Plan was designed to drive a gradual return to normal school activities, for primary education especially, and smooth sector operations to enable the  resumption of the development path. Three specific objectives were built into the plan:

  • Support the return to normal school operations by facilitating the transition from emergency activities to normal teaching conditions
  • Restore the pre-2013 quantitative and qualitative level of primary and secondary education and the country’s pre-crisis educational development trends by 2017;
  • Place the sector’s authorities in a position to formulate new long-term sectoral forecasts.

The country has decided to extend the Transitional Plan to 2018 and 2019. This extension is in keeping with the Central African Republic’s National Recovery and Peacebuilding Plan (RCPCA) to enable the sustainability of achievements.

Blogs and news

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September 20, 2018
In response to the humanitarian crises in Bangladesh and the Central African Republic, the Global Partnership for Education (GPE) will provide US$14.6 million in emergency funding to support the...
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March 28, 2018
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Latest grant

A young student is patiently waiting for her teacher to announce the answer to a question in math class. CAR, 2015.

Development objective: Improve access to education in a safe environement for pre-primary and primary age children, in particular girls and disadvantaged children; train teachers and provide a monitoring framework and support to increase the quality of education; and improve governance in the sector through better management tools, monitoring and evaluation of the ministry
Grant agent:UNICEF

In September 2018, the GPE Board approved US$6.3 million in accelerated funding to CAR, to provide pre-primary and primary students with a range of interventions, including classrooms in areas where displaced families are located, learning materials, meals, water, sanitation and hygiene infrastructure and additional teachers as well as training for them.

The program has four components to support the implementation of the revised Transitional Plan:

Component 1, designed to improve the school supply and the learning environment for better access to pre-primary and primary education, has three sub-components that will be implemented with NGO support. Sub-component 1 provides for the construction of 50 new hangar-type classrooms to improve learning conditions; 100 semi-permanent pre-primary classrooms in tents for schools without a pre-primary level; and water, sanitation and hygiene infrastructures (refurbishment/construction of 70 latrine blocks and construction of 16 wells) to raise the proportion of girls in school. Sub-components 2 and 3 provide respectively for schools targeted by the project to be equipped with school bench desks; and in order to relieve families, for children attending school to be provided with a meal and girls with hygiene kits. Sub-component 3 will also include a school enrollment campaign.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2018-2019 6,320,000 UNICEF
2014-2018 15,510,000 15,510,000 UNICEF
2013-2015 3,690,000 3,690,000 UNICEF
2009-2015 37,800,000 37,596,702 IBRD Completion report
Sector plan development 2014 14,350 9,559 UNICEF
2012 126,600 36,801 IBRD
Program development 2012 196,000 77,109 IBRD
  TOTAL 63,656,950 56,920,171    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Central African Republic. Download this PDF to view the country’s progress on 16 results framework indicators monitored by the GPE Secretariat.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated April 06, 2019