Education in Djibouti
The government of Djibouti recognizes education as essential for growth and human development. As a result, the government has placed education at the center of its development policies. In 2000, an education reform was initiated with the goal of improving access, quality, and relevance.
Despite progress in increasing access and coverage in education, access to education continues to be one of the country’s major challenges. Other challenges include quality, the availability of learning materials, and disparities due to gender, geographic areas, and socio-economic status.
The education sector plan (2010-2019) is focused on six main objectives:
- Develop preschool education in collaboration with the private sector, the community, and public institutions, focusing on students from rural areas and impoverished backgrounds.
- Achieve 100% enrollment in primary education and 79% in middle school by 2019.
- Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, and achieving gender equality by 2019.
- Guarantee that all students learn at least 75% of the skills defined by the language, mathematics, science, and life skills curriculum.
- Reform secondary education, technical and vocational education and training (TVET) to ensure relevancy of training to the labor market.
- Improve governance practices at all levels to ensure effective and efficient management and utilization of services.
The government also developed an education action plan for 2014-2016. The action plan for 2017-2019 is being finalized. This action plan focuses on specific strategies for pre-primary education, primary, middle school, secondary school, and TVET.
These strategies include:
- Develop public preschools in rural areas and for special education services based on a community model to increase enrollment rates.
- Support schools at all levels in developing quality frameworks, monitoring, and educational projects for student success.
- Increase the availability of textbooks and learning materials, and produce digital educational content and software to facilitate student learning.
- Revise and update the curriculum from primary school to TVET schools.
- Create standardized assessment tools in accordance with national and international standards.
- Provide training to teachers, educational consultants, school management, and staff.
- Improve the transition time between primary and middle school education.
- Increase the percentage of students attending high school and the percentage admitted to further education.
- An action plan for the period 2017-2019 has been prepared by the country and endorsed by partners in mid-2017.
All amounts are in US dollars.
|Grant type||Years||Allocations||Disbursements||Grant agent|
|Sector plan development||2017||212,517||-||UNICEF|
Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.
Primary completion rate (%)
Lower secondary completion rate
Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age
Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age
Pre-primary gross enrollment rate
Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary
Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)
Public expenditure on education as a share of public expenditure (%)
Students/trained teacher ratio
Teachers trained (%)
GPE in Djibouti
The GPE grant of US$3.8 million is focused on improving the learning environment and instructional practices of teachers in primary school.
The three components of the project are:
- Increase access and improve the learning environment through the construction and equipment of one school and the rehabilitation and expansion of six selected schools in four targeted areas in rural areas
- Improve student performance through investments in teaching and learning materials, as well as training for teachers, pedagogic counselors, school directors and inspectors, developing a student assessment policy, and piloting a community-based model for pre-school service provision in partnership with UNICEF.
- To provide supplemental financing to the existing project management unit, SGP, complementing to other capacity building and training.
The current GPE-supported program has contributed to the following results:
- Rehabilitation and construction of schools is under way
- 599 primary teachers, trainers and inspectors have received training in mathematics.
Prior GPE funding contributed to the following results:
- Construction of 9 new schools and rehabilitation of 15 existing schools, benefitting 2,950 students
- Increase in the primary net enrollment rate of 27 percentage pointsfrom 51% in the 2004/2005 school year to 78% in the 2012/2013 school year
- Increase in the primary completion rate from 39% in the 2004/2005 school year to 68% in the 2012/2013 school year
- Increase in the availability of textbooks for French, Arabic, and mathematics (from one textbook for every four students to 3 per student)
- Distribution of 6,927 school kits to rural students.