Education in Madagascar

The sector plan covers all of the education sector and is based on a national vision. It defines the overall vision of the country for education, which is among the goals of the National Development Plan (2015-2019) and the international objectives for the development of education, particularly, Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4). The plan is the first for Madagascar that aligns medium- and long-term development goals for the entire education system with three ministries responsible for education and consolidates coherent subsector action plans with a common financial framework.

The plan proposes a strategy aimed in particular at reducing repetition rates by establishing 9 years of basic education (primary and junior secondary school), i.e., five years in primary school and four years in secondary school, divided into three sub-cycles (five years of primary school and four years of junior secondary school, followed by three years in senior secondary school) [sic].

The plan, which was prepared after the political crisis, emphasizes strengthening the management and governance of the education system, while proposing responses to disparities in access by having communities construct schools and by improving the intake of children with minor or moderate disabilities into the formal system (goal of 15% in 2022) and children with significant or severe disabilities into specialized institutions (15% in 2022).

To ensure increased monitoring of the education sector plan, the local education group decided to introduce a National Education Sector Support Platform (PNPSE), which above all aims to support the sector implementation of the education sector plan and the establishment of a policy dialogue and coordination instrument aimed at better alignment and greater accountability toward the beneficiaries in the education sector.

Madagascar organizes annual joint sector reviews (at the national and regional levels).

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Latest grant

Development objective: Improve learning and promotion within the first two sub-cycles of basic education
Grant agent:IBRD

The overall goal of the Basic Education Support Project (PAEB), which received cofinancing from the World Bank and the GPE Fund for a total of US$100.7 million, is to improve learning outcomes and promotion rates in the two primary sub-cycles of basic education.

The GPE financing will be central to achieving this objective by improving school management to increase the pupil promotion rate (component 3, US$13.1 million) and supporting the implementation of key sector reforms, strengthening the education system and implementing the project (component 4, US$14 million).

The GPE financing covers two components in the areas of equity, efficiency and quality of learning.

Financed on the basis of performance, component 1 aims to gradually improve learning outcomes by introducing regional training plans, improving the teachers’ skills in teaching French and mathematics, and developing the curriculum. The activities aim to enhance quality by reducing teacher absenteeism and increasing the actual teaching time from 3 hours and 9 minutes to 5 hours and 46 minutes, based on the sector plan goal.

The aim of component 2 is to better prepare the entry of children into the school system by taking measures to stimulate the demand for education: constructing 1,000 early childhood education centers and 800 classrooms using the community approach and organizing deworming campaigns benefiting 2.7 million children.

The goal of component 3 is to increase the promotion rate for pupils by improving the management of schools through the establishment of an equitable national school grants system and by professionalizing the skills of the school principals. The key indicator is the average promotion rate for all pupils in the first two sub-cycles of basic education. The first subcomponent consists of creating and financing a single national, harmonized, verified and equitable school grants program. This tool is aimed at keeping household expenditures on education and other school-related costs to a minimum to reduce dropout and repetition rates in primary school.

The objective of component 4 is to support the planning and implementation of the major reforms of the ESP and strengthening of institutional capacities, enhancement of the system for the assessment of learning outcomes, and the provision of technical assistance in the context of the implementation of the sector plan.

Key reforms include the design and implementation of a language policy that will aim to increase the use of the maternal language as the language of instruction during the first sub-cycle, with French gradually being introduced in the second sub-cycle to become the teaching language in the third cycle. In terms of curricular reform, the project will mainly support activities focusing on strengthening the curricula for the first two cycles (primary education) in mathematics, reading and writing.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2018-2023 46,800,000 - IBRD  
2013-2017 85,400,000 84,182,122 IBRD Completion report
2009-2013 64,000,000 64,000,000 UNICEF Progress report
2005-2010 60,000,000 60,000,000 IBRD Completion report
Sector plan development 2012 250,000 248,782 IBRD  
Program development 2017 336,420 56,616 IBRD  
2012 200,000 187,067 IBRD  
  TOTAL 256,986,420 208,674,587    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Madagascar. For detailed results from GPE funding, please look for progress reports in the grants section.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Public expenditure on education as a share of public expenditure (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated September 12, 2018