The government of Madagascar and the World Bank, acting as grant agent for GPE, signed a grant agreement to improve learning outcomes in the first two years of primary education in public schools.
GPE and the World Bank approved a grant totaling US$100 million to improve learning in basic education. The grant will help improve reading and numeracy skills and reduce repetition rates. Madagascar...
The Global Partnership for Education and the World Bank Group approved a grant totaling US$100 million to improve learning outcomes within the first two sub-cycles of basic education in Madagascar.

Education in Madagascar

Madagascar is committed to developing its education sector. The country made considerable and steady progress in the last decade, with student enrollment increasing at the pre-school, elementary, and secondary levels, almost doubling primary education enrollment from 2002 to 2009.

Gains have slowed down however, since 2009, due to the country’s political and economic crises, and primary enrollment decreased for the first time in 2011.

The Interim Education Sector Plan (IESP) focuses on rebuilding the education sector’s capacity to maintain a functional education system, specifically at the pre-primary, primary, and secondary levels. As a result, the IESP focuses on short-term objectives and activities.

The IESP addresses three main challenges in the education system:

  • Declining enrollment in schools
  • Decreasing student achievement and educational quality
  • Weak management capacities and community involvement.

The IESP has three objectives:

  1. Extend capacity to receive and retain students by developing student supervision, promoting retention, and reintegration into the school system through:
    • Developing community centers for preschool activities in the most disadvantaged regions
    • Prioritizing teacher deployment according to school map standards
    • Continuing school feeding support in areas at risk
    • Constructing and rehabilitating school infrastructure
    • Establishing a scholarship system
  2. Improve the quality of education by improving learning conditions and developing the training, motivation, and instruction of teachers through:
    • Developing and disseminating the curriculum
    • Implementing a system to supervise teachers
    • Providing teaching materials to community centers
    • Rebuilding schools and related infrastructure
    • Strengthening the pedagogical training of teachers and administrators, and organizing national teaching exams.
  3. Strengthen institutional capacity for planning, management, and communication in order to improve governance and establish accountability


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent
Program implementation 2018-2023 46,800,000 - IBRD
2013-2017 85,400,000 84,182,122 IBRD
2009-2013 64,000,000 64,000,000 UNICEF
2005-2010 60,000,000 60,000,000 IBRD
Sector plan development 2012 250,000 248,782 IBRD
Program development 2017 336,420 56,616 IBRD
2012 200,000 187,067 IBRD
  TOTAL 256,986,420 208,674,587  


Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.


Primary Gross Enrollment Rate (%)

Primary Completion Rate (%)

Lower Secondary Completion Rate (%)

Out-of-school Children Rate (%)

Domestic Financing

Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)

Public Expenditure on Education as a Share of Public Expenditure (%)

Public Expenditure on Primary as a Share of Total Education Expenditure (%)


Student/Trained teacher ratio

Teachers Trained (%)

GPE in Madagascar

A girl writes on the blackboard in a school in Madagascar. Credit: GPE/Carine Durand

The current GPE grant of US$85.4 million supports a project focused on access to primary education, teacher quality and learning environment improvement in targeted areas of Madagascar. The project has three components:

  1. Facilitate access to and retention in primary education by reducing the costs of schooling for families through subsidies for teacher salaries and children’s school kits.
  2. Support the learning process by improving the teaching and learning environment through teacher and school director training, school grants in vulnerable regions, school infrastructure improvements, and school feeding
  3. Strengthen the foundations of the primary education system through rebuilding stakeholders’ capacity, improving community participation, and social accountability.

The Ministry of National Education manages the project in partnership with the World Bank as the grant agent and UNICEFas the coordinating agency.

Source: Restructuring paper, World Bank, May 2016


The current GPE-funded program has contributed to the following results in the education sector:

  • Providing about 600 schools with a school-feeding program benefitting 118,921 children
  • Distribution of 1.95 million school kits containing basic supplies for primary school children for the 2015-16 school year
  • Subsidizing the salaries of 21,606 community teachers in 12 targeted areas in 2014
  • 11,875 schools have received school grants funded by the project
  • Finalizing the education sector diagnostic, which informed the preparation of the new education sector plan
  • 120 classrooms have been built or rehabilitated at the primary level
  • 48% of management trained schools now have report cards.

Source: World Bank Implementation Status Report. September 2016

Last updated April 18, 2018