Education in Nepal

To continue its efforts to ensure equitable access to quality education for all, the Government of Nepal has developed its School Sector Development Plan for 2016 to 2023. The plan seeks to:

  • Ensure that the education system is inclusive and equitable in terms of access, participation and learning outcomes,
  • Increase students’ learning by enhancing the relevance and quality of the learning environment, the curriculum, teaching and learning materials (including textbooks), teaching methods, assessment and examinations,
  • Strengthen and reorient governance and management systems in the education sector to make them robust and accountable to local governments while assuring agreed overall minimum standards in teaching and learning processes and learning environment,
  • Accommodate the political and administrative restructuring of the education sector in line with the identified needs and the federal context and to ensure sustainable financing and strong financial management by introducing a cost-sharing modality between central, provincial, and local governments,
  • Mainstream comprehensive school safety and disaster risk reduction in the education sector by strengthening school-level disaster management and resilience amongst schools, students and communities and to ensure that schools are protected from conflict.

The following highlights the plan’s key components with their respective objectives:

  1. Basic education aims to develop physical, socio-emotional, cognitive, spiritual, and moral potential for all 4-12-year-old children by ensuring school readiness and universal access to quality basic education, and to promote life skills and value-based education,
  2. Secondary education aims to make students ready for the world of work by developing skilled human resources, provide options between technical and general secondary education, strengthen institutional links and facilitate the transition to higher education,
  3. Literacy and lifelong learning aims to enhance functional literacy and cultivate reading and learning habits among youths and adults.

Blogs and news

Tulasha Malla Shah, a resource class teacher teaching to the children with hearing impairment in Thuma Secondary School, Bajura, far west hill of Nepal. Malla received HI’s inclusive education training and holds great dedication for helping children with disability to read & learn. Credit: © Pralhad GAIRAPIPLI/HI
October 05, 2018
World Teacher’s Day is the occasion to celebrate teachers, who are on the front line of ensuring children’s right to education is realized. Discover some of their stories, like Bin Nou in Cambodia,...
A teacher and her students in class at the Amadou Diagne Woré Elementary School, Dakar. Credit: GPE/ Carine Durand
September 08, 2018
On International Literacy Day, let’s review some of the efforts that the Global Partnership for Education is making to ensure that more children in developing countries are learning.
Back to school campaign activities in Nepal. Credit: NCE Nepal
September 07, 2018
International Literacy Day is a vivid reminder for education stakeholders, including those within the Global Campaign for Education movement, that literacy is a key component of the SDGs. One of...

Latest grant

Shakuntala Badi is 13 years old and studies in Class 5B at Adarsha Saula Yubak Higher Secondary School, Bhainsipati. She is the only blind student in her class.

CREDIT: GPE/NayanTara Gurung Kakshapati
Development objective: improve the quality, equitable access, and efficiency of basic and secondary education in Nepal by supporting the Government's School Sector Development Program.
Grant agent:IBRD

The first GPE grant to Nepal was US$ 117,8 million for the period of 2010 to 2014. It was pooled with eight other partners’ funds to support the national system under the School Sector Reform Program which benefitted approximately 7 million students, 180,000 teachers and Early Childhood Education and Development facilitators in over 30,000 community schools and centers across the country.

The program focused on access, inclusion and quality, and was structured around (i) basic education for grades 1-8, including early childhood education and development, literacy, and lifelong learning; (ii) secondary education for grades 9-12, including technical and vocational training pilots; and (iii) institutional capacity strengthening for planning, delivery and monitoring of education services and products.

In 2016, Nepal received an additional grant of US$ 59.3 million from GPE to further support the School Sector Reform Program and the newly developed School Sector Development Plan with a focus on the following objectives:

  • Ensure equitable access to and quality of basic education for all children of 5-12 age group, prepare preschool aged children through early childhood education development for basic education, and deliver basic numeracy and literacy to youths and adults – especially women and marginalized groups,
  • Improve access, equity, quality, and relevance of secondary education, targeting 13-16 year -old children,
  • Improve capacity of the School Sector Reform Program’s implementation agencies and its partners to enhance delivery and monitoring of educational services and products.

The current coordinating agency is ADB, and the local education group is chaired by two entities: (i) the Ministry of Education, who defines policies, and (ii) the Department of Education, who is in charge of implementing education strategies.


  • World Bank Project Appraisal Document on two proposed additional grants: A Global Partnership for Education Grant and Results in Education for All Children (REACH) grant. January 2016,
  • World Bank Restructuring Paper on two proposed additional grants: a Global Partnership for Education grant and REACH grant. August 2017.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2016-2019 59,300,000 54,091,006 IBRD Progress report
2010-2014 117,760,473 117,760,473 IBRD
Sector plan development 2015 465,774 365,559 UNICEF
Program development 2014 179,700 155,322 IBRD
  TOTAL 177,705,947 172,372,360    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Nepal. For detailed results from GPE funding, please look for progress reports in the grants section.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Public expenditure on education as a share of public expenditure (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated November 21, 2018