Education in Nepal

Nepal's School Sector Development Plan (SSDP 2016-2023) focuses on improving education quality and builds on the achievements of the previous School Sector Reform Plan (2009-2016) and the Education for All Program (2004-2009).

The SSDP is a seven-year plan, supported by a pooled funding mechanism, with a joint financing arrangement between the government and 8 development partners, with high donor coordination and use of the public financial management system.

Under the federal system, the provincial and 753 local governments are responsible for basic education provision. At the federal level, the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MOEST) serves as the executing agency for SSDP. A newly established Center for Education Human Resource Development is tasked with preparing annual work plans and budgets and the annual strategic implementation plans.

Blogs and news

Nasiba Alhassan, 12, (center) is in Grade 5 at Miga Central Primary School, Miga, Jigawa State, Nigeria. Credit: GPE/Kelley Lynch
April 15, 2019
The Global Partnership for Education Secretariat has approved grants totaling nearly US$2.4 million to support education sector analysis and planning, as well as education program development in 7...
Children at So-Ava primary school near Cotonou, Benin. Credit: GPE /Chantal Rigaud
April 08, 2019
More than US$176 million approved in new grants to Benin, Burundi, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Tanzania and Uzbekistan.
Global learning event. Credit: GCE
January 25, 2019
From November 13 to 18, education civil society leaders met in Kathmandu, Nepal, for a series of exceptional events - six days full of discussions, exchange of ideas and sharing of experience.

Latest grant

Shakuntala Badi is 13 years old and studies in Class 5B at Adarsha Saula Yubak Higher Secondary School, Bhainsipati. She is the only blind student in her class.

CREDIT: GPE/NayanTara Gurung Kakshapati
Development objective: Improve the quality, equitable access, and efficiency of basic and secondary education by supporting the government's School Sector Development Program
Grant agent:World Bank

The US$24.2 million implementation grant, approved in March 2019, is made up a a regular allocation of US$9.2 million and a GPE Multiplier grant of US$15 million. The program’s objective is to improve the quality, equitable access, and efficiency of basic and secondary education by supporting the government's School Sector Development Program. The program provides additional financing to the existing World Bank Nepal School Sector Development Program (US$185 million).

The GPE grant follows the World Bank's program for results instrument, with a fixed part of 60% and a results-based portion of 40% with 10 targets supporting the areas of equity, efficiency, and learning.The GPE Multiplier grant is leveraged through an additional funding of US$163.86 million from the Asian Development Bank to support disaster risk reduction and comprehensive school safety, and US$3.5 million from USAID for inclusive education.

The GPE grant directly supports key SSDP results areas clustered into three result areas:

  1. Improved teaching-learning and student learning outcomes to improve early grade learning levels, textbooks and learning materials, student assessments and examination system, teacher/school management and accountability.
  2. Improved equitable access to basic and secondary education: Pro-poor interventions, such as preparation of a database on out-of-school children, provision of grants to learning centers and schools, provision of pro-poor and pro-science scholarships for poor and marginalized students.
  3. Strengthened education system, sector planning, management and governance: Enhanced fiduciary system, improving and operationalizing the grants management system, operationalizing a web-based EMIS and improving self-reported EMIS data by schools, integrating SSDP activities in local governments' annual plans and budgets and providing open data on conditional grants released to schools.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2019-2021 24,200,000* World Bank
2016-2019 59,300,000 45,389,006 World Bank Progress report
2010-2014 117,760,473 117,760,473 World Bank
Sector plan development 2015 465,774 365,559 UNICEF
Program development 2014 179,700 155,322 World Bank
  TOTAL 201,905,947 163,670,360    

* includes a regular implementation grant of US$9.2 million and a Multiplier grant of US$15 million

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Nepal. Download this PDF to view the country’s progress on 16 results framework indicators monitored by the GPE Secretariat.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated April 05, 2019