Education in Nepal
To continue its efforts to ensure equitable access to quality education for all, the Government of Nepal has developed its School Sector Development Plan for 2016 to 2023. The plan seeks to:
- Ensure that the education system is inclusive and equitable in terms of access, participation and learning outcomes,
- Increase students’ learning by enhancing the relevance and quality of the learning environment, the curriculum, teaching and learning materials (including textbooks), teaching methods, assessment and examinations,
- Strengthen and reorient governance and management systems in the education sector to make them robust and accountable to local governments while assuring agreed overall minimum standards in teaching and learning processes and learning environment,
- Accommodate the political and administrative restructuring of the education sector in line with the identified needs and the federal context and to ensure sustainable financing and strong financial management by introducing a cost-sharing modality between central, provincial, and local governments,
- Mainstream comprehensive school safety and disaster risk reduction in the education sector by strengthening school-level disaster management and resilience amongst schools, students and communities and to ensure that schools are protected from conflict.
The following highlights the plan’s key components with their respective objectives:
- Basic education aims to develop physical, socio-emotional, cognitive, spiritual, and moral potential for all 4-12-year-old children by ensuring school readiness and universal access to quality basic education, and to promote life skills and value-based education,
- Secondary education aims to make students ready for the world of work by developing skilled human resources, provide options between technical and general secondary education, strengthen institutional links and facilitate the transition to higher education,
- Literacy and lifelong learning aims to enhance functional literacy and cultivate reading and learning habits among youths and adults.