Education in Rwanda

Rwanda considers education a critical investment for the country’s future growth and development. This is evidenced by the increased share of the national budget allocated to the education sector, which is projected to increase from 17% in 2012/13 to 22% in 2017/18.

In the past few years, the education system in Rwanda has gone through an impressive period of growth especially in terms of access. Still, the country faces many challenges such as the onerous task of double-shift teaching for the primary school teachers and the language transition from French to English for grades 4 and above, which has been very difficult for teachers who do not have adequate time to improve their proficiency in English language.

Blogs and news

Gbimsi Junior High School, Savelugu, Ghana. Credit: GPE/ Stephan Bachenheimer
January 22, 2019
The Platform for Girls’ Education, a group of government representatives and heads of leading multilateral agencies like GPE, commissioned a report that found that girls still remain disadvantaged in...
Children in class at Kigeme Primary School at the Kigeme refugee camp near Kigali, Rwanda. Credit: GPE/ Sudha Kanikicharla
November 21, 2018
Seven African countries gathered with development partners in Rwanda to share experiences and form partnerships allowing them to address effectively the education needs of refugee children.
Teacher Duria Balla looks over and corrects student's work; Class 3, Asfia Badr Basic School for Girls, Nile East Locality, Alfayhaa Administrative Unit, Al-Baraka District, near Khartoum, Sudan. Credit: GPE/Kelley Lynch
October 04, 2018
Inter-Country Quality Nodes (ICQN), developed by ADEA, bring together members around commonly shared education and training challenges. How can the ICQN on teaching and learning be beneficial to the...

Latest grant

Development objective: Expanding access to education at all levels, improving the quality of education and training, and strengthening the relevance of education and training to the labor market.
Grant agent:DfID

The US$25.2 million grant approved in May 2015 was one of the first grants allocated by GPE under its new funding model, where 30% of the grant amount is linked to specific results.

The grant was transferred directly to the government's budget in support of the implementation of the Education Sector Strategic Plan.

Rwanda chose the following indicators for the results portion of the grant:

  • Equity: monitor the rate of children enrolled in pre-primary school, with a target of 17% in 2017 in the 22 poorest performing districts, compared to a baseline of 10% in 2014.
  • Efficiency: publish education statistics, disaggregated by district.
  • Learning: assess Grade 6 students and results used to inform the country's teaching and learning practices.

The ministry of education leads the Education Sector Working Group in Rwanda, which includes development partners and representatives from civil society organizations. There is a good collaboration among the education partners in the country. The coordinating agency is UNICEF.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2015-2018 25,200,000 25,200,000 DfID Completion report
2011-2014 70,000,000 70,000,000 DfID
2009-2010 35,000,000 35,000,000 IBRD Completion report
2007-2010 70,000,000 70,000,000 IBRD
Sector plan development 2017 323,750 - DfID
Program development 2018 139,487 - DfID
  TOTAL 200,663,237 200,200,000    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Rwanda. Download this PDF to view the country’s progress on 16 results framework indicators monitored by the GPE Secretariat.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated February 26, 2019