Education in Rwanda
Rwanda considers education a critical investment for the country’s future growth and development. This is evidenced by the increased share of the national budget allocated to the education sector, which is projected to increase from 17% in 2012/13 to 22% in 2017/18.
In the past few years, the education system in Rwanda has gone through an impressive period of growth especially in terms of access. Still, the country faces many challenges such as the onerous task of double-shift teaching for the primary school teachers and the language transition from French to English for grades 4 and above, which has been very difficult for teachers who do not have adequate time to improve their proficiency in English language.
The concepts of universal equitable access and quality education provision are the foundation of the Education Sector Strategic Plan (ESSP) 2013/14 -2017/18. This plan builds upon the national priority of making quality twelve-year basic education available for all children and also reflects the country’s mission to make education at all levels more accessible.
The ESSP outlines three main goals:
- Promoting access to education at all levels
- Improving the quality of education and training
- Strengthening the relevance of education and training to meet labor market demands.
Equity in access to education is emphasized to ensure that disadvantaged students, such as girls, the poor and the disabled, have access to quality learning opportunities.
The following expected outcomes have been developed based on the goals mentioned above:
- Expand access to 12 years of basic education
- Increase access for students with special needs
- Improve learning outcomes across primary and secondary education
- Ensure qualified, suitably-skilled and motivated teachers
- Increase equitable access to relevant, high-quality, demand-driven TVET programs
- Increase equitable access to affordable higher education
- Improve access to school readiness programs
- Strengthen performance in science, technology and innovation at all levels
- Increase access to Adult Basic Education to improve adult literacy and numeracy
- Improve administrative and management support services.