Education in Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan aims to improve the education sector in order to maintain the country’s progress and address key issues for future development.

The national model of the education system is lifelong education for all citizens, where each person has the opportunity to acquire knowledge, professional skills, and to find a job.

While Uzbekistan has seen considerable progress in educational attainment for the 7-18 age group, pre-school education coverage is low at 23%.

There are challenges with gender equality and the education of socially vulnerable groups. Education quality across the system is also a concern.

The education sector plan’s goal is to achieve sustainable and quality growth of the population. The plan outlines these outcomes within each sub-sector:

  1. Develop children’s health and personalities in preparation for learning in school through implementing a national pre-school reform program.
  2. Develop learners’ general knowledge, independent thinking skills, and organizational skills in preparation for successful progression throughout the education system.
  3. Prepare learners for a successful transition to the labor market or higher education system.
  4. Prepare teachers for the transmission of knowledge, independent thinking skills, and organizational skills to develop learners’ ability to contribute to society.
  5. Prepare graduates of higher education systems to contribute to scientific progress, socio-economic, and cultural development.
  6. Empower adults to expand their knowledge and skills according to their needs and interests through non-formal education.
  7. Create opportunities for children and youth to pursue their interests during their free time.
  8. Support children and youth with special educational needs in accordance with their specific requirements and/or talents.

The plan also identifies 11 strategic areas that cut across all education sub-sectors. These strategic areas are: policy, infrastructure, staff development, monitoring & evaluation, sensitization & awareness raising, partnerships & integration of approaches, curriculum development, professional development, international exchange, access, and continuity across sub-sectors.

Blogs and news

Kindergartens in Aral Sea region. Credit: UNDP
August 09, 2018
UNICEF facilitated a meeting in Uzbekistan between participants from the ministry of education and its affiliates, as well as its international development partners to present the strategic framework...
Lessons in a rural school. Photo: Matluba Mukhamedova / World Bank
April 02, 2018
Over the past 20 years, the number of preschools in Uzbekistan has decreased by almost half. With support from GPE, the government of Uzbekistan is actively investing in the preschool sector to...
Children in kindergarten in Uzbekistan. Photo: Matluba Mukhamedova / World Bank
March 08, 2018
The Global Partnership for Education Secretariat approved US$150,000 for Uzbekistan to develop a new education sector plan.

Latest grant

First day of school in Uzbekistan.

CREDIT: World Bank/Matluba Mukhamedova
Development objective: increase access of children aged 3-6 to quality early childhood care and education in rural pre-primary institutions and improve conditions for better learning outcomes of students of rural general educational secondary schools.
Grant agent:IBRD

The GPE-funded project in Uzbekistan began in 2015. The project’s objectives are to increase access to quality early childhood care and education, specifically in rural pre-primary institutions, and to improve learning conditions for students in rural general secondary schools.

The three components of the grant are:

  1. Improve access to quality early childhood education opportunities through supporting the development of flexible forms of service provision, distributing storybooks to parents nationwide, and implementing communication campaigns.
  2. Improve conditions for better learning outcomes in general education secondary schools through supporting training activities for teachers and education personnel, as well as financing the implementation of minimum school standards.
  3. Strengthen the capacity to monitor the education system through developing and conducting standardized assessments of students, analyzing, and disseminating results.

The ministry of Public Education implements the program with the World Bank as the grant agent. UNICEF is the coordinating agency for the education sector.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2014-2019 49,900,000 42,285,034 IBRD Progress report
Sector plan development 2017 350,000 - IBRD
2012 250,000 250,000 UNICEF
Program development 2014 40,000 39,947 IBRD
2013 198,050 196,479 IBRD
  TOTAL 50,738,050 42,771,460    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Uzbekistan. For detailed results from GPE funding, please look for progress reports in the grants section.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Public expenditure on education as a share of public expenditure (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated October 03, 2018