UNICEF facilitated a meeting in Uzbekistan between participants from the ministry of education and its affiliates, as well as its international development partners to present the strategic framework...
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Over the past 20 years, the number of preschools in Uzbekistan has decreased by almost half. With support from GPE, the government of Uzbekistan is actively investing in the preschool sector to...

Education in Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan aims to improve the education sector in order to maintain the country’s progress and address key issues for future development.

The national model of the education system is lifelong education for all citizens, where each person has the opportunity to acquire knowledge, professional skills, and to find a job.

While Uzbekistan has seen considerable progress in educational attainment for the 7-18 age group, pre-school education coverage is low at 23%.

There are challenges with gender equality and the education of socially vulnerable groups. Education quality across the system is also a concern.

The education sector plan’s goal is to achieve sustainable and quality growth of the population. The plan outlines these outcomes within each sub-sector:

  1. Develop children’s health and personalities in preparation for learning in school through implementing a national pre-school reform program.
  2. Develop learners’ general knowledge, independent thinking skills, and organizational skills in preparation for successful progression throughout the education system.
  3. Prepare learners for a successful transition to the labor market or higher education system.
  4. Prepare teachers for the transmission of knowledge, independent thinking skills, and organizational skills to develop learners’ ability to contribute to society.
  5. Prepare graduates of higher education systems to contribute to scientific progress, socio-economic, and cultural development.
  6. Empower adults to expand their knowledge and skills according to their needs and interests through non-formal education.
  7. Create opportunities for children and youth to pursue their interests during their free time.
  8. Support children and youth with special educational needs in accordance with their specific requirements and/or talents.

The plan also identifies 11 strategic areas that cut across all education sub-sectors. These strategic areas are: policy, infrastructure, staff development, monitoring & evaluation, sensitization & awareness raising, partnerships & integration of approaches, curriculum development, professional development, international exchange, access, and continuity across sub-sectors.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent
Program implementation 2014-2018 49,900,000 34,348,087 IBRD
Sector plan development 2017 350,000 - IBRD
2012 250,000 250,000 UNICEF
Program development 2014 40,000 39,947 IBRD
2013 198,050 196,479 IBRD
  TOTAL 50,738,050 34,834,513  


Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Public expenditure on education as a share of public expenditure (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

GPE in Uzbekistan

This complex in Uzbekistan consists of kindergarten, primary school and secondary school. Credit: UNICEF/Giacomo Pirozzi

The GPE-funded project in Uzbekistan began in 2015. The project’s objectives are to increase access to quality early childhood care and education, specifically in rural pre-primary institutions, and to improve learning conditions for students in rural general secondary schools.

The three components of the grant are:

  1. Improve access to quality early childhood education opportunities through supporting the development of flexible forms of service provision, distributing storybooks to parents nationwide, and implementing communication campaigns.
  2. Improve conditions for better learning outcomes in general education secondary schools through supporting training activities for teachers and education personnel, as well as financing the implementation of minimum school standards.
  3. Strengthen the capacity to monitor the education system through developing and conducting standardized assessments of students, analyzing, and disseminating results.

The ministry of Public Education implements the program with the World Bank as the grant agent. UNICEF is the coordinating agency for the education sector.

Source: World Bank project appraisal document. October 2014


With the support from the GPE grant, Uzbekistan has achieved the following results:

  • 10.6% of children aged 3 to 6 have been enrolled in early childhood education in rural areas in 2017, compared to 8.5% in 2013,
  • Results of student assessments in mathematics and native language for 4th graders have been analyzed and publicly disseminated,
  • 1,005 pre-primary teachers have been trained to deliver on the half-day school model,
  • 43,184 children aged 5 and 6 are enrolled in half-day pre-school.

Source: World Bank Implementation Status and Results Report. June 2017

Last updated January 17, 2018