Education in Yemen
The government of Yemen considers education vital to eliminating poverty and is focused on ensuring that all children have access to quality education. The country’s development plans consistently prioritize human development and the education of the labor force.
While access to basic education has improved, Yemen still faces significant challenges, including girls’ enrollment, retention and completion rates, teacher quality and instructional materials, and emergency or conflict afflicted areas.
The Medium-Term Results Framework 2013-2015 outlines 10 programs under 5 main objectives:
- Improving education quality through situating the learner at the center of the teaching and learning process, creating a teaching environment based on learning outcomes for students through:
- Strengthening school-based development to increase stakeholders’ involvement, foster community participation, and improve efficiency of resource use.
- Revising curricula up to Grade 9 and develop materials and standards for measuring student performance.
- Developing teachers and administration staff by providing training.
- Improving human resources management at the ministry of Education.
- Closing social and gender gap disparities through:
- Increasing the social demand for education
- Improving school facilities and infrastructure.
- Strengthening the capacities of the ministry, governorates, and district offices through:
- Improving the administration and coordination of education players.
- Restructuring the ministry to increase efficiency in the provision of educational services.
- Developing preschool education through expanding programs and improving kindergarten environment.
- Expanding literacy programs, diversifying training provided in training centers, and developing literacy curriculum for adult education.
All amounts are in US dollars.
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Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.
Primary Gross Enrollment Rate (%)
Primary Completion Rate (%)
Lower Secondary Completion Rate (%)
Out-of-school Children Rate (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as a Share of Public Expenditure (%)
Public Expenditure on Primary as a Share of Total Education Expenditure (%)
Student/Trained teacher ratio
Teachers Trained (%)
GPE in Yemen
The GPE grant of US$72.6 million focuses on supporting the implementation of the MTRF’s 10 programs. The three main components supported by GPE funding are:
- Developing quality basic education through supporting school-based development, curriculum development, pre-school education, and improving teacher, school management, and inspector performance.
- Improving enrollment and equity through improving school physical environment, encouraging equitable access, promoting access for out-of-school children, and supporting adult literacy.
- Strengthening institutional capacities through deploying and managing the Education Management and Information System (EMIS), training on quality management and school accreditation teams, and developing a new education strategy for 2016-2025.
Since January 2015, Yemen has been facing a high level of violence and insecurity due to armed conflict. In view of this, the current GPE grant was first restructured in 2015 and a second time in 2016 to support the ministry of education’s most urgent needs.
The second restructuring includes a 1-year extension (2018-19) and the adjustment of annual targets for new classrooms and new labs, resulting in the reallocation of US$12.2 million.
Changes have also been made to the results framework and additional funding has been provided to support training and salaries of additional 699 teachers. The number of program beneficiaries has also been increased to at least 427,444 children.
A new US$2.5 million component has been added to support immediate needs of the education system. This funding, combined with the previous US$9.7 million emergency funding during the first restructuring, brings the total amount allocated for education in emergencies in Yemen to US$12.2 million. Finally, the restructuring will support the development of a transitional education plan.
Source: Program document. March 2013
Due to ongoing conflict, results to date from the latest GPE-supported program primarily involve preparatory work, such as:
- Identifying and providing training to 420 schools to receive and manage school grants.
- Developing new curriculums for science and math for grades 2-3.
- Procuring 35,000 school kits for distribution in areas where the girls’ drop-out rate is highest.
- Training 484 specialists from school development teams and 94 social workers in 4 governorates.
- Identifying 420 schools for child friendly school intervention model, sites for the construction of 600 classrooms, and districts with the most problems involving girls’ dropout rates.
- Developing a female teacher recruitment strategy and an operations manual to support EMIS at local levels.
- Establishing a committee and team for the development of a National General Education Literacy Program Strategy.
The funding allocated for emergency support in 2014 also contributed to substantial results within one year:
- 139 schools were rehabilitated and 13,000 teachers, principals, and parent council members were trained, benefiting 68,000 children.
- 37,380 children now have access to basic school furniture and supplies such as desks.
Source: GPE Yemen Annual Progress Report 2014, GPE Yemen Annual Progress Report 2015, UNICEF Yemen Final Report on the Implementation of The Global Partnership for Education’s Accelerated Support Fund Program