Haiti | Global Partnership for Education



Meet 11 year old Jessica Prudent from Port-au-Prince who for the past six years, has been able to go to school thanks to the Education for All Program, which paid for her tuition fees. The Education...
Thanks to Haiti's government’s school feeding program, supported by GPE, the Caribbean Development Bank, the Embassy of Canada, and the World Bank, over 140,000 children have received a snack...
Video of the week: In Haiti, over 140,000 children receive a meal thanks to the government’s school feeding program, supported by GPE and other partners.

Education in Haiti

Haiti faces both supply and demand challenges in education. On the supply side, there are not enough spaces for children to enroll in school. On the demand side, the average cost of US$80 in tuition per child/per year before books, uniforms and transportation, puts basic education out of reach for many children.

Haiti’s school system is dominated by the non-public sector, whether for-profit, faith-based or run by a non-governmental organization. More than 80% of primary schools are non-public, enrolling more than 80% of all primary school children.

Haiti’s government has put access to quality education at the top of its policy agenda. In August 2014, it announced 12 policy measures to stabilize and improve governance and quality in the education system.

The current sector plan covers the period 2013 - 2016 and aims to promote the development of early childhood and preschool education, as well as child and adult literacy, and to improve:

  • access to and quality of primary schooling
  • access to and completion of lower secondary school
  • access to and retention in general secondary school
  • access and governance at the tertiary level and for vocational and technical training
  • special education services
  • information systems and management capacities of the ministry of education
  • human resources management and working conditions improvement for education professionals.

A teacher database is being prepared to provide basic data on the country’s 200,000 teachers. Those registered in the system will be issued a teaching permit and given two years to prove they have basic qualifications.

Likewise, data on the country’s 20,000 schools is being captured and a school identity card will be issued, from which time each school has two years to meet certain quality standards. Failing to meet these will mean the school will no longer be allowed to function or be eligible for state support. These two measures are the current priorities of the ministry. 

According to national data, in 2014-2015 education spending was 19.8% of Haiti’s total government spending and represented 9% of the gross domestic product.

Haiti has made available to UIS enrollment data for 2011/2012. The ministry of education is enhancing its information system with technical and financial support from partners (IDB, UNESCO, AECID, among others) with the objective to produce updated education indicators every year, starting from July 2011.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent
Program implementation 2014-2017 24,100,000 23,266,643 IBRD
2010-2015 21,999,969 21,999,969 IBRD
Sector plan development 2013 169,000 157,202 IBRD
Program development 2012 120,200 107,507 IBRD
  TOTAL 46,389,169 45,531,321  


Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.


Primary Gross Enrollment Rate (%)

Primary Completion Rate (%)

Lower Secondary Completion Rate (%)

Out-of-school Children Rate (%)

Domestic Financing

Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)

Public Expenditure on Education as a Share of Public Expenditure (%)

Public Expenditure on Primary as a Share of Total Education Expenditure (%)


Student/Teacher Ratio

Teachers Trained (%)

GPE in Haiti

Valentina Metelus, 8, waits outside of her school in the Carrefour neighborhood outside of Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Credit: Save the Children

The first GPE grant to Haiti had 3 components: improving access and equity of primary education, improved school performance in primary education and capacity building to improve the governance of the education system.

The second GPE grant of US$24.1 million, together with other partners' contribution, supports:

  1. Enrollment of 102,000 students the first year and 35,444 the second year through the tuition waiver program so they can attend non-public schools.
  2. School lunch program for 34,000 students in targeted schools in poor areas.

The GPE funds are supervised by the World Bank and go into a basket fund where other development partners contribute.

Following the devastation caused by hurricane Matthew in October 2016, US$1 million has been reallocated from the current GPE grant to cover school feeding for 13,888 students in affected areas.

The coordinating agency for education in Haiti is UNESCO, and the local education group (GSE) includes the major bilateral and multilateral partners that support the education sector in Haiti.  

Source: World Bank project appraisal document. October 2014


Under the second grant of US$24.1 million, the following results have been achieved:

  • 437,905 tuition waivers financed in non-public schools and 73, 000 students currently enrolled in tuition waiver schools.
  • 3,570 additional qualified teachers at the primary level.
  • 132,292 children haveparticipated in integrated nutrition/health programs.
  • 16,807 students have benefitted from improved reading instruction approaches.
  • 83.5% student attendance in select public and non-public primary schools in disadvantaged areas.
  • 57 communities have received grants.
  • A system for learning assessment at the primary level has been implemented.

Source: World Bank implementation status & results report. June 2016

Last updated December 21, 2016