Education in Haiti
Haiti faces both supply and demand challenges in education. On the supply side, there are not enough spaces for children to enroll in school. On the demand side, the average cost of US$80 in tuition per child/per year before books, uniforms and transportation, puts basic education unaffordable for many.
Haiti’s school system is dominated by the non-public sector, whether for-profit, faith-based or run by non-governmental organizations. More than 80% of primary schools are non-public, enrolling more than 80% of all primary school children.
Haiti’s government has put access to quality education at the top of its policy agenda. In August 2014, it announced 12 policy measures to stabilize and improve governance and quality in the education system.
The current sector plan covers the period 2013 - 2016 and aims to promote the development of early childhood and preschool education, as well as child and adult literacy, and to improve:
- access to, and quality of primary schooling,
- access to, and completion of lower secondary school,
- access to, and retention in general secondary school,
- access to, and governance at the tertiary level and for vocational and technical training
- special education services,
- information systems and management capacities of the ministry of education,
- human resources management and working conditions improvement for education professionals.
A teacher database is being prepared to provide basic data on the country’s 200,000 teachers. Those registered in the system will be issued a teaching permit and given two years to prove they have basic qualifications.
Likewise, data on the country’s 20,000 schools is being captured and a school identity card will be issued, from which time each school has two years to meet certain quality standards. Failing to meet these will mean the school will no longer be allowed to function or be eligible for state support. These two measures are the current priorities of the ministry.
According to national data, in 2014-2015 education spending was 19.8% of Haiti’s total government spending and represented 9% of the gross domestic product.
Haiti has made available to UIS enrollment data for 2011/2012. The ministry of education is enhancing its information system with technical and financial support from partners (IDB, UNESCO, AECID, among others) with the objective to produce updated education indicators every year, starting from July 2011.
All amounts are in US dollars.
Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.
Primary Gross Enrollment Rate (%)
Primary Completion Rate (%)
Lower Secondary Completion Rate (%)
Out-of-school Children Rate (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as a Share of Public Expenditure (%)
Public Expenditure on Primary as a Share of Total Education Expenditure (%)
Teachers Trained (%)
GPE in Haiti
The first GPE grant to Haiti (covering 2010 to 2015) consisted of 3 components: improving access and equity of primary education, improving school performance in primary education and capacity building to enhance the governance of the education system.
The second GPE grant of US$24.1 million for the period 2014-2018, together with other partners' contribution, supports:
- Enrollment of 102,000 students the first year and 35,444 the second year through the tuition waiver program so they can attend non-public schools.
- School lunch program for 34,000 students in targeted schools in poor areas.
The GPE funds are supervised by the World Bank and go into a basket fund where other development partners contribute.
Following the devastation caused by hurricane Matthew in October 2016, US$1 million has been reallocated from the current GPE grant to cover school feeding for 13,888 students in affected areas.
In April 2017, the grant was extended until June 30, 2018 and 2.7 million USD were reallocated to support the tuition waver program.
The coordinating agency for education in Haiti is UNESCO, and the local education group (GSE) includes the major bilateral and multilateral partners that support the education sector in Haiti.
Under the second grant of US$24.1 million, the following results have been achieved:
- 437,905 tuition waivers financed in non-public schools,
- 73, 000 students currently enrolled in tuition waiver schools in select non-public primary schools in disadvantaged areas,
- 6 additional classrooms have been built or rehabilitated at the primary level,
- 3,570 additional qualified teachers at the primary level,
- 132,292 children have participated in integrated nutrition/health programs,
- 16,807 students have benefitted from improved reading instruction approaches,
- A 83.5% student attendance rate in select public and non-public primary schools in disadvantaged areas.
- 57 communities have received grants,
- 90.30% of Tuition Waiver Program schools have publicly posted their annual expenditure reports,
- 84.20 % of schools have been inspected by the Ministry at least once a year,
- A system for learning assessment at the primary level has been implemented.