Education in Kyrgyz Republic
The government is focused on the role of the education system in promoting the Kyrgyz Republic’s social and political development. The Education Development Strategy 2020 was created to guide policies that would prepare citizens with the knowledge and skills that will allow them to be successful in life and in the labor market.
The Kyrgyz Republic’s education system faces several challenges. These include inadequate resource allocation and financial management, inequality in the learning outcomes across geographical regions, very low levels of pre-school coverage, and a shortage of teachers and teaching materials.
The EDS 2020 outlines 12 objectives to be achieved by 2020:
- The majority of preschool children are in pre-school programs.
- Access to high quality basic general and secondary education for everyone, regardless of socio-economic status, ethnicity, religion, or gender.
- Opportunity to choose specializations for graduates of basic general education institutions.
- Development of working skills aligned to current labor market and population interests and needs.
- The creation of continuous lifelong learning conditions.
- Development of social partnership and employers’ proactive participation in the education system and process.
- Introduction of competence-based learning approach aimed to improve communication, analytical, and decision-making skills.
- Transition to education credit system to provide mobility and flexibility to students, combining work and study in higher education institutions.
- Preservation of cultural and linguistic diversity and tolerance in education environment.
- Support for multichannel education financing and fair distribution of financial resources.
- Development of strategic planning and management system in education based on data collection and analysis techniques.
- Launch of a monitoring and evaluation system to systematically improve the education system.
Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.
Primary Gross Enrollment Rate (%)
Primary Completion Rate (%)
Lower Secondary Completion Rate (%)
Out-of-school Children Rate (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as a Share of Public Expenditure (%)
Public Expenditure on Primary as a Share of Total Education Expenditure (%)
Student/Trained teacher ratio
Teachers Trained (%)
GPE in Kyrgyz Republic
The latest GPE grant of US$12.7 million is primarily focused on supporting the EDS 2020’s preschool objective.
The three components supported by the grant are:
- Expanding quality pre-primary education through the expansion of community based kindergarten, the full year school preparation program, and the provision of inclusive education.
- Improving policy, programs, and system effectiveness through implementing the Early Learning Standards, enhancing the measurement of children’s development, and supporting study visits and training related to early childhood development.
- Providing technical and financial assistance for communication and advocacy, stakeholder monitoring, and implementation support.
The latest GPE program began in May 2014 and since then the GPE funding supported the following achievements:
- More than 114,356 children are enrolled in a year-long school preparation program.
- 100% of teachers who will deliver school preparation program have been trained.
- Teaching and learning materials have been delivered to all school preparation classes.
- 185 teachers and school social workers have been trained to deliver the school preparation to children with special education needs.
- 100 schools received teaching and learning materials for children with special education needs.
- An Early Development Instrument (EDI) to track child development in key domains of cognitive, social emotional and physical growth was introduced and is used to track school readiness.