Education in Sudan
The government of Sudan recognizes education as a right for every citizen and guarantees access to free basic education. Achieving the Education for All targets is considered a pre-requisite for achieving socio-economic stability in Sudan.
The vision of the Interim Education Sector Strategic Plan (ESSP) is to create a distinctive education system based on science and values, with an emphasis on improving the access to school, the quality of the education being received, as well as a strengthening of the country’s educational system.
The plan outlines three strategic pillars:
- Improve access to schooling for all including pre-school, basic and secondary education, technical and vocational, and out-of-school youth and adults.
- Improve quality of schooling at all levels.
- Strengthen the institutional capacity of the education system through curriculum renewal, learning assessments, system, teacher, and school management, and school health and nutrition.
There are six national objectives, with various intervention areas:
- To improve access to and quality of pre-school education through:
- Developing sub-sector diagnostic and early childhood care policy
- Strengthening and standardizing the curriculum
- Improving teaching quality and providing teaching and learning materials
- To increase access to basic education through increasing capacity, reducing household costs, and encouraging demand.
- To provide access to general, technical and vocational education at secondary level to eligible basic school graduates and reduce disparities through:
- Building new schools in areas with low enrollment rates and new streams to existing schools in densely populated areas
- Removing barriers that prevent successful basic education graduates from joining secondary education
- Ensuring access for special groups by establishing boarding facilities for students and housing for teachers
- Establishing new technical schools and vocational centers
- To improve quality of learning in basic education, especially in early literacy and numeracy through:
- Improving the learning environment and teaching quality
- Providing teaching and learning materials
- Ensuring healthy learning environments
- Strengthening school supervision
- To enhance the quality of secondary education through:
- Supporting the newly established professional academy for teacher training and intensifying in-service teacher training
- Diversifying the curricula to include new fields
- Improving the school environment
- To strengthen the education system to support achievement of national goals and strategic objectives through:
- Building national capacity for curricula development
- Developing and launching a National Learning Assessment
- Strengthening school management and teacher management
- Improving system performance management using EMIS, monitoring and evaluation, and finalizing the education sector plan for 2017-2021.
Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.
Primary Gross Enrollment Rate (%)
Primary Completion Rate (%)
Lower Secondary Completion Rate (%)
Out-of-school Children Rate (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as a Share of Public Expenditure (%)
Public Expenditure on Primary as a Share of Total Education Expenditure (%)
Teachers Trained (%)
GPE in Sudan
The US$76.5 million GPE program in Sudan began in July 2013 and is focused on improving the learning environment, providing more textbooks, and strengthening the education system’s planning and management mechanisms.
The three components of the grant include:
- Improving the learning environment by building 2000 classrooms in rural areas and localities with low enrollment and providing school grants to 750 schools.
- Provision of textbooks, including procurement and distribution of about six million textbooks.
- Strengthening the monitoring and management mechanisms of the education system by building management capacity, establishing systems for learning assessment and teacher monitoring, and developing a full Education Sector Strategic Plan.
The current GPE program in Sudan has contributed to progress in the education sector, including the following results:
- Helped the country establish and implement a system for assessing learning at the primary level
- 478 conventional classrooms have been completed and handed over to schools, benefiting more than 21,000 students
- 240 additional classrooms have been built by the communities, benefiting about 6,400 students
- 184 communities received school construction management training
- 656 schools have received school grants
- 4.5 million textbooks for grades 4, 5 and 6 in math, science and English have been distributed
- More than 30,000 teachers have been trained throughout the country
- A teacher management monitoring system has been implemented.
Source: World Bank implementation status report. June 2016 and Basic education recovery project status report. September 2016