Education in Nepal
The Nepal School Sector Reform Plan (SSRP) 2009-2016, the current education sector plan, focuses on the three pillars of access, inclusion, and quality, structured across three components:
- Basic education (Grades 1-8) including early childhood education and development (ECED), literacy and lifelong learning.
- Secondary education (Grades 9-12) including technical and vocational training pilots.
- Institutional capacity strengthening (including teacher management) for planning, delivery and monitoring of the educational services and products.
As the SSRP will end in mid-2016, Nepal is working on developing a new education sector plan, the School Sector Development Plan (SSDP). GPE is supporting the development of this new plan through an Education Sector Plan Development grant of US$465,774.
The SSDP will balance education reform activities with reconstruction and recovery activities, and will aim to bring all basic education level age children to schools and retain them until the end of grade 8. This will take place in a complex environment of enacting the provisions in the new constitution promulgated in 2015.
All amounts are in US dollars.
Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.
Primary Gross Enrollment Rate (%)
Primary Completion Rate (%)
Lower Secondary Completion Rate (%)
Out-of-school Children Rate (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as a Share of Public Expenditure (%)
Public Expenditure on Primary as a Share of Total Education Expenditure (%)
Teachers Trained (%)
GPE in Nepal
In 2010, Nepal received a GPE grant of US$117,8 million. The Nepal School Sector Reform Program has made important improvements in the areas of access, gender parity, schooling efficiency, and quality, which indicate that the program is making good progress towards achieving its development objective.
The grant also helped strengthen the country’s education system by supporting the national education sector plan, which covers approximately 7 million students, 200,000 teachers and 28,000 public schools from pre-primary to grade 12.
Nepal received a new grant of US$59.3 million (prepared prior to the 2015 earthquakes) under GPE's new funding model, in which 30% of the grant is disbursed the demonstration of significant results in the three key dimensions of equity, efficiency, and learning outcomes.
The grant is focused on providing further support to the Nepal School Sector Reform Program, specifically the following three components, as well as the new sector plan currently being developed:
- Ensure equitable access and quality of basic education for all children ages 5-12, prepare preschool aged children through early childhood education development for basic education, and deliver basic numeracy and literacy to youths and adults.
- Improve access, equity, quality, and relevance of secondary education.
- Improve capacity of the School Sector Reform Program’s implementation agencies and its partners to enhance delivery and monitoring.
The local education group is chaired by the Ministry of Education who is responsible for defining policies, and the Department of Education responsible for implementing education strategies. The current coordinating agency is the European Union.
The devastating earthquakes of April and May 2015 destroyed or damaged nearly 36,000 classrooms, leaving more than one million children lacking access to safe, permanent places to learn. Despite these setbacks, the School Sector Reform Plan 2009-2016 has achieved the following results:
- The primary net enrollment rate (NER) for grades 1-5 currently stands at 97% up from 92% in 2009.
- The net enrollment rate for grades 1-8 increased from 73% in 2009 to 89% in 2016.
- The primary completion rate has increased from 58% in 2009 to 81% in 2016.
- Gender parity in enrollment has been achieved at primary, basic, and secondary education levels.
- More than 90% of teachers in community schools were provided with professional development training.