Education in Burkina Faso
The government of Burkina Faso has developed its education sector plan (Programme sectoriel de l’education et de la formation - PSEF) which covers the period 2012-2021 and aims at providing the country with an efficient and inclusive education system that trains citizens to contribute to the socioeconomic development of the country.
To achieve this vision, the PSEF is built around four strategic priorities:
- Increasing education and training;
- Improving the quality of learning;
- Accelerating literacy and strengthening non-formal learning for early childhood, teenagers, youth, and adults; and
- Improving the management and monitoring of the education and training system.
Structured around specific objectives assigned to sub-sectors, the PSEF outlines ambitious goals to improve basic formal education:
- Improving the supply of formal basic education, as well as the demand, to ensure universal primary education by 2021 and a compulsory education of 10 years for all children by 2025.
- Improving the quality of formal basic education to give all children basic and practical knowledge.
- Establishing bridges between the different functional categories in formal and non-formal education.
- Promoting knowledge and attitudes in children favorable to progress including observation and analytical skills, knowledge for improving living conditions, the environment, and employment preparation.
The government is committed to working with the whole range of stakeholders involved in the Partnership: state and local level governments, financial and technical partners, NGOs, associations, the private sector, and households to develop its education system.
Both the financing and implementing modalities exemplify this commitment, since the PSEF is funded through a sector budget support mechanism. The government has established a Special Treasury Account in support of basic education in close collaboration with its development partners. The resources provided by several partners are executed under the same conditions as those of the general budget and are subject to the same controls and monitoring. This modality enables the government’s ownership but also ensures an effective alignment of the partners on domestic priorities.
The ministry of national education and literacy manages the pooled fund in partnership with the Swiss Cooperation as the coordinating agency and the Agence française de développement as the grant agent for the contribution from GPE.
In 2015, the share of the domestic resources going to education was 19.8%. This commitment has led to increased access and completion rates; however, the education system in Burkina Faso still faces several challenges. Key challenges addressed in the PSEF are class size limitations, gender and geographical disparities, curricula, and teacher training reform.
All amounts are in US dollars.
Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.
Primary Gross Enrollment Rate (%)
Primary Completion Rate (%)
Lower Secondary Completion Rate (%)
Out-of-school Children Rate (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as a Share of Public Expenditure (%)
Public Expenditure on Primary as a Share of Total Education Expenditure (%)
Teachers Trained (%)
GPE in Burkina Faso
The current GPE funding participates, together with other donors’ contributions, in the achievement of the following:
- Developing access to formal education at all levels through (i) the development and management of infrastructure, (ii) teacher and staff recruitment, (iii) improving health, hygiene, and nutrition conditions, (iv) promoting equality and equity, (v) mobilizing all stakeholders in the development of the basic education sector, and (vi) promoting inclusive education.
- Improving the quality of formal education through (i) initial and ongoing staff training, (ii) developing and revising the curricula and teacher training programs, (iii) promoting bilingualism and multilingualism, and (iv) improving learning through a learner-centered approach.
- Developing non-formal education through increasing the supply and quality of non-formal education programs.
- Supporting formal basic education services by (i) coordinating between public, private, and SCO (ii) managing the decentralization of the basic education sector, (iii) mobilizing resources and financing the basic education sector, and (iv) strengthening management capacity of actors and structures in charge of the basic education sector.
Source: Program document, 2013
The current GPE program began in November 2013 and has contributed to the following progress between 2013 and 2015:
- Increasing the gross enrollment rate from 3.5% to 4% in preschool, 81.3% to 83.7% in primary school, and 36.7% to 40.2% in post-primary school.
- Reducing the student-ratio in post-primary classrooms by 12 students per teacher
- Increasing the success rate in the certificate of primary education.