Education in Ethiopia
Ethiopia has made significant progress at all levels of the education system. This progress includes increases in the number of trained teachers, schools, and institutions. Access has also increased.
The Education Sector Development Program V (ESDP V) focuses on addressing the four main challenges in the Ethiopia education system: increasing access, ensuring equity, improving quality, and improving management.
The ESDP V outlines the following main goals:
- Improve management of the education sector through:
- Improving human resource capacity and sufficient resources at all levels.
- Effectively using results-oriented planning and activity management system to implement ESDP V.
- Improving communication and coordination for more efficient use of resources and activities implementation.
- Providing systems for promoting a culture of evidence-based policy development across all levels.
- Improve the quality of general education through:
- Investing in teachers’ and leaders’ development.
- Improving the school curriculum and producing good quality teaching and learning materials to support the curriculum.
- Developing and fostering school improvement programs and improving quality assurance and system performance.
- Supporting information and communications technology as a tool for improving learning.
- Improve access and equity in general education through:
- Providing access to education and schooling for all children across all levels with a focus on the most disadvantaged.
- Reducing drop-out and repetition rates in primary schooling.
- Improving completion rates at all levels of primary schooling.
- Increasing participation in secondary schooling.
- Addressing gender issues in education.
- Providing support for young people with special education needs.
- Increase the adult literacy rate through improving the skill levels of facilitators and adult education tutors, and improving the coordination and quality of adult education in communities.
- Develop a skilled and competent workforce through increasing access to good quality TVET, ensuring that training is employment-led, and transferring technologies to priority sectors to increase competitiveness and productivity.
- Focus on higher education through:
- Increasing enrollment in higher education.
- Improving access to higher education in disadvantaged groups.
- Improving the quality of teaching and research.
- Improving the relevance of higher education instruction and research community.
The ESDP V also focuses on eight crosscutting issues that affect all education sub-sectors. These issues are gender, special needs, HIV/AIDs, environmental protection, education in emergencies, school health and nutrition, and substance abuse prevention.
All amounts are in US dollars.
|Grant type||Years||Allocations||Disbursements||Grant agent|
|Sector plan development||2016||187,170||67,774||UNICEF|
Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.
Primary Gross Enrollment Rate (%)
Primary Completion Rate (%)
Lower Secondary Completion Rate (%)
Out-of-school Children Rate (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)
Public Expenditure on Education as a Share of Public Expenditure (%)
Public Expenditure on Primary as a Share of Total Education Expenditure (%)
Teachers Trained (%)
GPE in Ethiopia
The current GPE grant’s objectives are to improve learning conditions through primary and secondary schools, and strengthening educational administration institutions.
The six components supported by the US$100 million grant are:
- Revising the curriculum, increasing access to teaching and learning materials, improving student assessment, and strengthening school inspectorates.
- Pre-service and in-service teacher training, and licensing of teachers and school leaders.
- School improvement plans and school grants to support their implementation.
- Management and capacity building.
- Pilot program to improve the quality of teaching and learning through the use of information and communication technology (ICT).
- Strengthening institutional capacity through the provision of technical advisory support, investment and non-salary operating costs, and the monitoring and evaluation of the program.
The Federal Ministry of Education leads the program in partnership with the World Bank as grant agent.
The latest GPE program began in February 2014 and its results include:
- Increasing the availability of textbooks to achieve a student to textbook ratio of 1:1
- Ensuring that 60% of schools were inspected in 2015, up from 0% in 2013.
- Increasing the percentage of primary teachers with appropriate qualifications from 56% to 70% through providing training to 100,000 teachers.
- 100% of schools have curriculum documents in their regional language.