Education in Tajikistan

The Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Tajikistan (MoES) in partnership with development partners, including support from the series of Fast Track Initiative (FTI)/Global Partnership for Education (GPE) grants, has introduced key reforms in education in recent years, guided by the National Strategy on Education Development 2020 and Education Action Plans 2012-2014 and 2015 – 2017.

The role of education towards development of the country’s human capital has been strengthened with the National Development Strategy 2030 and the Medium Term National Development Program 2020. In addition, the Republic of Tajikistan has committed to work towards achieving the targets set by the SGDs, with the focus on SGD 4 in ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. The education legislative and policy frameworks are being revised and alignment with SDGs is being taken into considerations by the Government as well as development partners active in the education sector.

While the primary schools (1-4 grades) in Tajikistan are reaching near universal coverage, the gross enrollment ratio in upper secondary education drops sharply. The transition rate from basic to secondary education for male and female students has been low in previous years, but continues to steadily increase. The major area of concern remains the low coverage of early childhood education services for young children of Tajikistan, only 12.5% according to EMIS data. Tajikistan has made good progress in achieving high enrollment and completion rates in the primary cycle and reaching gender parity, but it still faces many challenges that contribute to poorinadequate performance in the education system.

Blogs and news

GPE Partners
March 04, 2019
From Burkina Faso to Tajikistan, from Niger to Uganda, partners from ministries of education, grant agents, coordinating agencies and civil society give their views on the value that GPE brings to...
Nabanja and Precious, Uganda. Credit: GPE/Livia Barton
March 23, 2018
In Focus: Gender Equality Read 8 stories of girls around the world which highlight the great progress that has been done in ensuring girls have access to quality education and the challenges that...
Children during class at the School #4, Varzob District, Tajikistan. Credit: Carine Durand
December 08, 2017
In October 2017, the Global Partnership for Education Secretariat approved US$329,400 for Tajikistan for education sector analysis and development of the education plan.

Latest grant

Development objective: Contribute to improving the learning conditions in preschool and general education
Grant agent:IBRD

The grant of US$16.2 million allocated to Tajikistan closed in September 2017. It aimed to increase access and improve the learning conditions in early childhood and general education.

The grant supported the GPE program (called GPE-4) which was fully aligned with the education strategy and contributed to achieving the following goals:

  • Increase coverage and quality of early childhood education.
  • Modernize general education content by increasing its relevance and moving from a knowledge to a competency-based model.
  • Improve teachers' effectiveness.
  • Improve the physical infrastructure of existing schools and build new schools to accommodate population growth.
  • Strengthen management capacities in the education system and the system's efficiency.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2013-2017 16,200,000 16,200,000 IBRD Completion report
2010-2013 13,500,000 13,500,001 IBRD Completion report
2006-2010 18,250,293 18,250,293 IBRD
Sector plan development 2017 196,000 IBRD
2017 133,400 UNICEF
2013 250,000 247,797 UNICEF
Program development 2013 200,000 123,647 IBRD
  TOTAL 48,729,693 48,321,737    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Tajikistan. Download this PDF to view the country’s progress on 16 results framework indicators monitored by the GPE Secretariat.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated October 01, 2018