Aid to education
The Overseas Economic Cooperation Council is responsible for the overall strategic direction of Japan’s ODA policy. Under this umbrella, the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry propose and recommend aid policies while the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) implement the aid program.
Both JICA and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs consider education as a key development sector and an integral part of their efforts to promote human security in developing countries.
In 2015, JICA issued a new position paper on education cooperation to guide its work in the sector for the next five years.
With this position paper, JICA focuses on four priority areas:
- Quality education for learning improvement
- Education for fostering equitable and sustainable growth
- Education for knowledge co-creation in societies
- Education for building inclusive and peaceful societies
In 2015, the top five recipients of Japanese ODA to basic education were Mongolia, Ethiopia, Burkina Faso, Nepal, and Senegal.