Likewise, project strategies need to be backed up with rigorous detailing of the structures. The comfort of learning spaces can be affected by factors such as a poorly positioned or sized opening, ineffective angles of louvers, wrongly specified materials, the wrong color, or a badly detailed fixing.
The carbon-smart design ethos needs to be carried through all stages of the design.
Optimizing construction from start to finish
To design cost-effectively and efficiently, an in-depth knowledge of material procurement, in-country industries and processes, and logistical and practical constraints needs to inform decision-making from the outset.
In low-income countries, the cost of materials, including their transportation, makes up the largest proportion of construction budgets. Basing designs on natural materials that are locally available and tapping into the standardized procurement methods that already exist will greatly reduce costs.
The same school design may be appropriate across a district, country or even region. There may be locations where it’s logical to pre-fabricate most of the building in a workshop, as a “kit of parts” to be assembled on site.
The advantages of this approach are:
- Access to a highly skilled workforce and experienced construction oversight
- Rapid, quality production
- Reduction in transport
- Security of materials (reducing opportunities for theft)
- Streamlining sustainable supply chains.