Education in Zimbabwe
The 2016-2020 Education Sector Strategic Plan (ESSP) focuses on:
- Providing a strong legal regulatory context
- Phasing in a new curriculum
- Inclusive education and second chance opportunities to learn
- Teacher professional development
- Building leadership and management skills at all levels
- Evidence-based policy making.
The most recent joint sector review notes that despite some challenges, considerable efforts have gone into the implementation of the new curriculum with progress being made in all areas of access, equity and efficiency. However, challenges remain. Systematic underfunding from the late 1980s has caused the main challenge: the system is dependent on parental and community support.
Currently, parents contribute approximately 96% of the non-salary costs to education, raising equity concerns. Another challenge is the large dropout from lower secondary schools (over 20%). These challenges have caused inequity of access and low quality of education provision, particularly affecting some parts of the country and the poorer populations.
The ESSP sets out to reverse the impact on access and the quality of learning outcomes, which has resulted from the historical context and the economic crisis.