Education in Mongolia

The new education laws, policies and planning, as well as the increase in financing for the sector demonstrate that education is considered a priority sector for the government of Mongolia. According to UIS, Mongolia’s spending on education was 12.15% in 2011 as share of total government spending, and 5.5% of GDP.

The main objectives of Mongolia’s education sector master plan include:

Preschool education

  1. Improve gross enrollment rate for preschool education by:
    • Increasing kindergarten capacity in areas in need and constructing new kindergartens.
    • Reviewing cost implications for poor families related to attending pre-schools and taking appropriate action to ensure equity of access.
    • Introducing well organized, family-based kindergarten services in rural and remote areas that meet nomadic life-style requirements.
    • Improving access to kindergartens for poor, disabled, migrant children, and children with special educational needs.
    • Improving access for “out-of-preschool” children.
    • Implementing policies and programs to ensure school readiness.

Blogs and news

A boy raises his hand in class, Burundi. Credit: UNICEF Burundi/Colfs
August 31, 2017
There is growing interest in the role of early learning programs in promoting peacebuilding because the foundations of development and learning are laid in the first five years of life. The link...

Latest grant

In rural schools across Mongolia, students and teachers create "big books" based on stories they read from classroom libraries, a teaching method that effectively improves students’ reading skills. Dadal County, Mongolia.

CREDIT: Khasar Sandag/World Bank
Development objective: assist the government to cope with the surge in total fertility rates by providing access to early childhood education for children in disadvantaged communities.
Grant agent:IBRD

The 2012-2015 GPE grant to Mongolia of US$10 million was a “graduation grant” and co-financed Mongolia’s early childhood education project.

This project had a strategic focus on increasing access to early childhood education, primarily by constructing kindergartens in urban areas and creating alternative pre-schools (mobile kindergartens) in rural areas. The project also supported the rollout of mobile kindergartens for the children of nomadic herders in the summer.

The Mongolia’s early childhood education project was restructured three times. The latest restructuring was carried out in early 2015 to reallocate the grant proceeds, amend the project description in the financing agreement, and adjust the results framework indicators and targets.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2012-2015 9,878,779 9,878,779 IBRD Completion report
2007-2013 29,400,000 29,400,000 IBRD Completion report
  TOTAL 39,278,779 39,278,779    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Mongolia. Download this PDF to view the country’s progress on 16 results framework indicators monitored by the GPE Secretariat.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated September 26, 2018