Education in Mongolia
The new education laws, policies and planning, as well as the increase in financing for the sector demonstrate that education is considered a priority sector for the government of Mongolia. According to UIS, Mongolia’s spending on education was 12.15% in 2011 as share of total government spending, and 5.5% of GDP.
The main objectives of Mongolia’s education sector master plan include:
- Improve gross enrollment rate for preschool education by:
- Increasing kindergarten capacity in areas in need and constructing new kindergartens.
- Reviewing cost implications for poor families related to attending pre-schools and taking appropriate action to ensure equity of access.
- Introducing well organized, family-based kindergarten services in rural and remote areas that meet nomadic life-style requirements.
- Improving access to kindergartens for poor, disabled, migrant children, and children with special educational needs.
- Improving access for “out-of-preschool” children.
- Implementing policies and programs to ensure school readiness.
- Develop preschool education services that meet the needs of child development by:
- Improving the health environment in kindergartens including food, water supply, and sanitary conditions.
- Developing and implementing minimum acceptable standards for kindergarten buildings, facilities and the learning and teaching environment.
- Improving the professional capacity of kindergarten staff.
- Establishing minimum standards for the provision of relevant and appropriate toys, games, reading and counting materials, and training manuals.
- Developing policies and regulations aimed at providing incentives for private sector and community investment in setting up preschool.
- Improving coordination between government ministries involved in the education sector.
- Improving cooperation between the private sector, individuals, NGOs and preschools in order to improve access and quality of preschool services.
Primary and secondary education
- Improve access to quality education by:
- Eliminating differences in access and quality of educational services.
- Developing and implementing policies aimed at improving access for children whose rights are violated (i.e. out-of-school children, children without textbooks or uniforms).
- Improving the quality and efficiency of programs for vulnerable children.
- Developing and implementing norms and standards for school facilities and equipment.
- Reviewing and upgrading pre- and in-service teacher training delivery systems.
- Reforming the student assessment system.
- Strengthening school and system accountability.
- Improving the legislative and regulatory environment for supporting school activities, and enforcing the implementation of these policies.
- Implementing planning and management based on a new and effective education management information system.
- Specifying school, parent and community responsibilities in the delivery of education and in school management.
- Actively involving all interested stakeholders in the education development process, improving coordination between them, and encouraging public-private partnerships in the education sector.
Non-formal and adult education
- Improve access to quality non-formal and adult education.
- Improve teaching and learning conditions at all levels and increase resources.
- Improve non-formal education policies and strategies and establish management information and sustainable financing systems.
Technical and vocational education and training
- Increase the number of students covered by the vocational education and training sub-sector.
- Improve the training quality and ensure the human resources meet the demands of the labor market.
- Review and upgrade the management of vocational education and training.
- Improve the regulatory mechanism for higher education enrollment.
- Create an effective and transparent higher education quality assurance system.
- Provide an effective management and financing system for higher education.