Education in Ghana
The Government of Ghana is in the process of finalizing the new Education Strategic Plan (ESP) 2018-2030, guided by the Government’s desire to create an inclusive education system through improved access and equity, and provision of quality and relevant educational opportunities for all.
This latest ESP 2018-2030 is the sixth plan in the series and it builds on the previous ones and on other strategic goals such as Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education, and MDGs and is aligned to the more recent Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4 and the National Development Plan 2016-2057. The ultimate goal of the plan is to ensure that education plays a critical and positive role in the national development agenda and in helping to integrate international development goals into this agenda.
The main priorities of the ESP 2018-2030 include:
- Access and equity: Equal opportunity to obtain access to education, to learn and the provision of an environment that is conducive to learning and achievement of learning outcomes that demonstrate fair and just assessment,
- Quality: Achievement of high level standards and system responsiveness at all levels of education,
- Relevance: Learning, including skills development, which is responsive to individual, community and national development needs,
- Efficiency and effectiveness: Management of all resources that ensure value for money to achieve desired goals,
- Sustainability: Judicious utilization of human, financial and material resources to ensure balanced and continual development of the education system.
While the country has made considerable progress in the last decades, the education sector still faces several challenges which include attracting the remaining out-of-school children, poor learning outcomes in early grades, equity in access and learning, teacher time-on-task and deployment.