Education in Ghana

The Government of Ghana is in the process of finalizing the new Education Strategic Plan (ESP) 2018-2030, guided by the Government’s desire to create an inclusive education system through improved access and equity, and provision of quality and relevant educational opportunities for all.

This latest ESP 2018-2030 is the sixth plan in the series and it builds on the previous ones and on other strategic goals such as Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education, and MDGs and is aligned to the more recent Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4 and the National Development Plan 2016-2057. The ultimate goal of the plan is to ensure that education plays a critical and positive role in the national development agenda and in helping to integrate international development goals into this agenda.

The main priorities of the ESP 2018-2030 include:

  • Access and equity: Equal opportunity to obtain access to education, to learn and the provision of an environment that is conducive to learning and achievement of learning outcomes that demonstrate fair and just assessment,
  • Quality: Achievement of high level standards and system responsiveness at all levels of education,
  • Relevance: Learning, including skills development, which is responsive to individual, community and national development needs,
  • Efficiency and effectiveness: Management of all resources that ensure value for money to achieve desired goals,
  • Sustainability: Judicious utilization of human, financial and material resources to ensure balanced and continual development of the education system.

While the country has made considerable progress in the last decades, the education sector still faces several challenges which include attracting the remaining out-of-school children, poor learning outcomes in early grades, equity in access and learning, teacher time-on-task and deployment.

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The Global Partnership for Education Secretariat approved US$400,000 to prepare a new education program in Ghana.

Latest grant

Students during a computer class at Gbimsi Junior High School, Savelugu, Northern Region of Ghana. May 2016.

CREDIT: GPE/Stephan Bachenheimer
Development objective: create an inclusive education system through improved access and equity, and provision of quality and relevant educational opportunities for all.
Grant agent:IBRD

The latest GPE-funded program in Ghana began in November 2012 and closed in August 2016, through the support of a US$75.5 million grant. The program’s objective was to improve the planning, monitoring, and delivery of basic education services in targeted, deprived districts.

The three components of the grant were:

  • Provision of grants to deprived districts to support key education objectives and support teacher development.
  • Provision of school grants to support schools in providing instructional material, school furniture, mentoring opportunities, guidance and counseling system for girls, and equipment or tools to improve teaching and learning.
  • Project management and institutional strengthening through supporting monitoring and evaluation, providing training materials, and improving school supervision.

The Ministry of Education leads the program with the World Bank as the grant agent and UNICEF as the coordinating agency.

Source : World Bank project appraisal document - October 2012


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2012-2016 75,500,000 75,500,000 IBRD Completion report
2006-2007 11,000,000 11,000,000 IBRD Completion report
2005-2006 8,000,000 8,000,000 IBRD Completion report
Sector plan development 2018 450,150 DfID  
2017 442,772 DfID  
Program development 2018 400,000 IBRD
  TOTAL 95,792,922 94,500,000    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Ghana. For detailed results from GPE funding, please look for progress reports in the grants section.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Public expenditure on education as a share of public expenditure (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated September 26, 2018