Education in Haiti
Haiti faces both supply and demand challenges in education. On the supply side, there are not enough spaces for children to enroll in school. On the demand side, the average cost of US$80 in tuition per child/per year before books, uniforms and transportation, puts basic education unaffordable for many.
Haiti’s school system is dominated by the non-public sector, whether for-profit, faith-based or run by non-governmental organizations. More than 80% of primary schools are non-public, enrolling more than 80% of all primary school children.
Haiti’s government has put access to quality education at the top of its policy agenda. In August 2014, it announced 12 policy measures to stabilize and improve governance and quality in the education system.
The current sector plan covers the period 2013 - 2016 and aims to promote the development of early childhood and preschool education, as well as child and adult literacy, and to improve:
- access to, and quality of primary schooling,
- access to, and completion of lower secondary school,
- access to, and retention in general secondary school,
- access to, and governance at the tertiary level and for vocational and technical training
- special education services,
- information systems and management capacities of the ministry of education,
- human resources management and working conditions improvement for education professionals.
A teacher database is being prepared to provide basic data on the country’s 200,000 teachers. Those registered in the system will be issued a teaching permit and given two years to prove they have basic qualifications.
Likewise, data on the country’s 20,000 schools is being captured and a school identity card will be issued, from which time each school has two years to meet certain quality standards. Failing to meet these will mean the school will no longer be allowed to function or be eligible for state support. These two measures are the current priorities of the ministry.
According to national data, in 2014-2015 education spending was 19.8% of Haiti’s total government spending and represented 9% of the gross domestic product.
Haiti has made available to UIS enrollment data for 2011/2012. The ministry of education is enhancing its information system with technical and financial support from partners (IDB, UNESCO, AECID, among others) with the objective to produce updated education indicators every year, starting from July 2011.