Education in Myanmar

In response to growing expectations from students, parents, employers and citizens for education reforms that will improve access, quality and equity in the sector, the Ministry of Education of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar has developed a national education strategic plan (NESP). The plan spells out the key challenges that the sector faces, and provides a roadmap for sector-wide reforms for the period 2016 to 2021.

The NESP focuses on 9 areas that are expected to contribute to improved teaching and learning, vocational education and training, research and innovation leading to measurable improvements in student achievement in all schools and educational institutions:

  1. Preschool and kindergarten education: all children get a head start on their learning pathway through accessing quality preschool and kindergarten education.
  2. Basic education – access, quality and inclusion: all children can access, progress through and successfully complete quality basic education.
  3. Basic education curriculum: all school children develop knowledge, skills, attitudes and competencies that are relevant to their lives and to the socio-economic development needs of the 21st century.
  4. Students assessment and examinations: teachers and education managers implement a quality assessment system to improve student learning achievement.
  5. Teacher education and management: teachers support, develop and apply interactive classroom teaching and learning benefiting all students.
  6. Alternative education: learners can access and graduate from quality-assured, certified and nationally credentialed alternative education programs to achieve their learning and career aspirations.
  7. Technical and vocational education and training (TVET): more learners can access TVET and graduate from quality-assured and labor market-responsive TVET programs under a more effective TVET management system.
  8. Higher education: students have equitable access to a world-class higher education system, leading to better opportunities for employment and significant contributions to a knowledge-based economy.
  9. Management, capacity development and quality assurance: education managers at all levels apply evidence-based decision making and demand accountability for improved teaching and learning in schools and educational institutions.

Blogs and news

Children from the countryside of Myanmar are learning and teaching their lessons. Credit: United Nations/Kyaw Kyaw Winn
May 04, 2018
Myanmar became the 66th developing country partner of the Global Partnership for Education upon fulfilling the standard partnership requirements, which include a credible education sector plan...
Children during a class at the Ban Tractor refugee camp on the Thai/Myanmar border. Credit: Wikimedia Commons/Gary Moore
January 23, 2018
In December 2017, The Global Partnership for Education Secretariat approved a US$200,000 grant for Myanmar to develop a new education program.
Young girls hold up their chalk boards. Banteay Dek Primary School, Cambodia March 2015. Credit: GPE/Livia Barton
March 13, 2017
The penchant of many education systems to prioritize English at the expense of other non-dominant languages, often children’s mother tongues, can have a negative impact on learning

Latest grant

As pupils from classes 1 to 5 study in the same classroom, the teachers have to juggle several levels at once, moving from one group to another. Myanmar.

CREDIT: EU/ECHO/Pierre Prakash
Development objective: N/A
Grant agent:IBRD

In late 2017, Myanmar received a US$200,000 grant to support the development of its application for an implementation grant from GPE to support the implementation of the NESP.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program development 2017 200,000 IBRD Progress report
  TOTAL 200,000    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Myanmar. For detailed results from GPE funding, please look for progress reports in the Grants section.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Public expenditure on education as a share of public expenditure (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated September 26, 2018