Education in Myanmar
In response to growing expectations from students, parents, employers and citizens for education reforms that will improve access, quality and equity in the sector, the Ministry of Education of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar has developed a national education strategic plan (NESP). The plan spells out the key challenges that the sector faces, and provides a roadmap for sector-wide reforms for the period 2016 to 2021.
The NESP focuses on 9 areas that are expected to contribute to improved teaching and learning, vocational education and training, research and innovation leading to measurable improvements in student achievement in all schools and educational institutions:
- Preschool and kindergarten education: all children get a head start on their learning pathway through accessing quality preschool and kindergarten education.
- Basic education – access, quality and inclusion: all children can access, progress through and successfully complete quality basic education.
- Basic education curriculum: all school children develop knowledge, skills, attitudes and competencies that are relevant to their lives and to the socio-economic development needs of the 21st century.
- Students assessment and examinations: teachers and education managers implement a quality assessment system to improve student learning achievement.
- Teacher education and management: teachers support, develop and apply interactive classroom teaching and learning benefiting all students.
- Alternative education: learners can access and graduate from quality-assured, certified and nationally credentialed alternative education programs to achieve their learning and career aspirations.
- Technical and vocational education and training (TVET): more learners can access TVET and graduate from quality-assured and labor market-responsive TVET programs under a more effective TVET management system.
- Higher education: students have equitable access to a world-class higher education system, leading to better opportunities for employment and significant contributions to a knowledge-based economy.
- Management, capacity development and quality assurance: education managers at all levels apply evidence-based decision making and demand accountability for improved teaching and learning in schools and educational institutions.