Education in Myanmar

Following the start of the country’s various reforms in 2011, public funding for education has significantly increased, leading to an important rise in access. The primary net enrollment rate (NER) increased from 88% in 2009-10 to 93 percent in 2014-15. Net enrollment in preprimary education saw an impressive growth between 2008 – when roughly 1 in 20 children were enrolled – and 2014 when nearly 1 in 4 children were enrolled.

The National Education Strategic Plan (NESP) 2016-21 was developed as a result of a nationwide comprehensive education sector review, which started in 2012. The NESP represents an important milestone for education in Myanmar, as the country’s very first education sector plan in the context of a major transition towards democracy.

To accompany the NESP, a multi-year workplan and a monitoring and evaluation framework were created. The first multi-stakeholder annual performance review took place in August 2017, and the second in June 2018.

Myanmar established a multi-stakeholder local education group, the Education & TVET Sector Coordination Group (ETVSCG) in 2017. The group benefits from high-level leadership at the ministry of Education and is co-facilitated by development partners (currently chaired by Australia and UNESCO, with also  the Asian Development Bank, Denmark, DFID, EU, Finland, Germany, Japan/JICA, Switzerland, UNICEF and the World Bank). International NGOs (Save the Children, VSO) and two local civil society groups (MyMe and Ratana Metta) are active members of the group.

Blogs and news

Children and teacher raise their hands. Malawi Primary School. Credit: GPE/Tara O'Connell
January 10, 2019
As we start 2019, we share some of our New Year’s resolutions to ensure more children are in school and learning.
Girls at Ayno Meena Number Two school in Kandahar, Afghanistan. Credit: GPE/Jawad Jalali
November 26, 2018
The Global Partnership for Education is stepping up its support for countries affected by conflict with three new grants approved by the Board of Directors totalling more than US$200 million.
Children from the countryside of Myanmar are learning and teaching their lessons. Credit: United Nations/Kyaw Kyaw Winn
May 04, 2018
Myanmar became the 66th developing country partner of the Global Partnership for Education upon fulfilling the standard partnership requirements, which include a credible education sector plan...

Latest grant

As pupils from classes 1 to 5 study in the same classroom, the teachers have to juggle several levels at once, moving from one group to another. Myanmar.

CREDIT: EU/ECHO/Pierre Prakash
Development objective: improve equitable access to, and quality of, basic education delivered through formal, nonformal and complementary institutions and providers
Allocation:US$73,700,000
Years:2019-2022
Grant agent:World Bank

The program supported by the US$73.7 million grant aims at improving basic formal education service delivery in disadvantaged townships through school plans/school grants, and at developing and implementing a continuous professional development (CPD) system. It has 4 components:

  1. Improve quality and inclusion in formal basic education schools
    • Improve school planning and funding
    • Improve skills and practices of teachers and head teachers
  2. Improve access to quality education for marginalized children
    • Expand access to quality non-formal education services
    • Move towards partnership with ethnic basic education providers
  3. Strengthen public financial management and human resources management systems
  4. Technical assistance

The grant's results-based portion (US$24 million) is tied to outcomes in equity, efficiency and learning:

  • Learners can access and graduate from quality-assured, certified and nationally credentialed AE programs to achieve their lifelong learning and career aspirations
  • Increased participation by different education service providers and partner organizations in the basic education sub-sector
  • Teachers are equitably recruited, promoted and deployed nationwide following the teacher recruitment, deployment and promotion policy and system
  • Significant improvements experienced by students in their school and classroom learning environment
  • In-service teachers actively participate in teaching and mentoring activities implemented by trainers and mentors, deliver interactive teaching in basic education schools, and achieve Teacher Competency Framework Standards.

Grants

All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2019-2022 73,700,000 World Bank  
Program development 2017 200,000 World Bank
  TOTAL 73,900,000    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Myanmar. For detailed results from GPE funding, please look for progress reports in the Grants section.

Access

Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Public expenditure on education as a share of public expenditure (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated December 21, 2018