Education in South Sudan
More than 40 years of conflict in South Sudan have strongly impacted the education system and led to low levels of access and quality of education.
South Sudan’s education sector remains critically under-resourced. According to national data, annual allocation to education stands at 7% for 2013-2014, up from 6% of the annual budget in previous years. The government has committed to allocating 10% of its national budget to general education and 5% to tertiary education.
The education sector in South Sudan faces severe challenges including:
- High number of out-of-school children.
- Low primary completion rate, which is even worse for marginalized groups like the girls and children in the rural areas.
- Low adult literacy rate.
- Scarce teaching and learning materials and inadequate school infrastructure, with a large number of open air classrooms.
The general education strategic plan (GESP) covers early childhood, primary, and secondary education.
The main objectives of the GESP are to:
- Increase access to the general education system and promote equity by:
- Increasing enrollment
- Rehabilitating and constructing schools and classrooms, education management offices and other learning centers
- Reducing dropout rates
- Reaching gender equity
- Providing access for children with special needs
- Ensuring access for children affected by emergencies
- Providing accelerated and alternative learning opportunities for out-of-school children and youth.
- Improve the quality of general education by:
- Finalizing a national curriculum and developing new textbooks and teaching guides
- Providing textbooks and learning materials that promote interactive teaching
- Improving learning outcomes
- Improving teacher training
- Enhancing teacher development facilities including the construction/rehabilitation/expansion of teacher training institutes and county education centers.
- Promote adult literacy by:
- Increasing literacy and functional skills for youth and adults
- Enhancing the quality of alternative education programs.
- Strengthen the capacity of the ministry, state ministries of education, and county education departments by:
- Increasing the capacity of educational managers in planning and budgeting at central, state and county levels
- Strengthening leadership and management systems
- Improving the technical capacities of ministry officials to support quality education
- Improving gender equity and performance in management structures
- Enhancing skills in monitoring and evaluation
- Utilizing information/communication technologies to improve management and coordination
- Increase funding for general education to support implementation of the GESP