Education in Kenya

The government of Kenya recognizes education as the primary means of sustainable economic development, social mobility, national cohesion, and social development. This has led to the implementation of programs that rapidly expanded the education sector.

Challenges and gaps in the education sector include lack of comprehensive strategies for teacher development and provision of holistic early childhood care and education. Ineffective and uncoordinated monitoring and evaluation of education outcomes and programs has exacerbated weaknesses.

Blogs and news

Harrison Nyamawi, Kenya. Credit: GPE/Kelley Lynch
May 07, 2019
At the launch of a training for education officers on the Competency Based Curriculum (CBC) and the National Education Management Information System (NEMIS) in Kenya, the Secretary for Education...
Participants during the
April 09, 2019
At a meeting in South Africa last month, participants shared experiences and looked for cross-sector solutions to put an end to violence in and around schools.
Children at St. Matia Malumba Primary School  Uganda. Credit: GPE/Livia Barton
March 25, 2019
How can school programs integrate and support climate action

Latest grant

Development objective: Improve early grade mathematics competency and to strengthen management systems at school and national levels
Grant agent:IBRD

The second GPE-funded program in Kenya is supporting the provision of basic education and improvements in the quality of education.

The four components of the grant are:

  1. Improve early grade mathematics competencies through supporting the scaling up of piloted methodology, increasing teacher competencies, providing adequate classroom instruction materials, and enhancing teacher pedagogical supervision.
  2. Support strengthening of school management and accountability through a pilot involving school analysis, appraisal of teacher competencies, capacity building for school improvement planning and school audits, and monitoring results.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2015-2019 88,400,000 73,458,563 IBRD Progress report
2005-2008 121,000,000 121,000,000 IBRD  
Sector plan development 2013 250,000 248,350 IBRD  
Program development 2014 293,488 291,074 IBRD  
  TOTAL 209,943,488 194,997,987    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Kenya. Download this PDF to view the country’s progress on 16 results framework indicators monitored by the GPE Secretariat.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated May 15, 2019