Education in Nigeria

Nigeria is the largest country in Africa in terms of population and has approximately 20% of the total out–of-school children population in the world. Adding to this challenge is the demographic pressure with about 11,000 newborns every day that overburdens the system capacity to deliver quality education.

In the Northern part of Nigeria, almost two-thirds of students are functionally illiterate.

The states of Jigawa, Kaduna, Katsina, Kano, and Sokoto have shown commitment to improving their education systems, but they face severe challenges including high poverty levels, low enrollment, gender disparities, poor quality and relevance, poor infrastructure and learning conditions.

An additional challenge is the direct threat to schooling, especially for girls, emanating from political insecurity through insurgent activities, and attacks on schools.

Each state created an education sector plan to outline its priorities and objectives.

Jigawa

The Education Sector Strategic Plan highlights four policy objectives:

  1. Improving access and expanding opportunities.
  2. Ensuring quality and relevance of education provision.
  3. Improving educational planning and management.
  4. Ensuring sustainable funding and improved financial management.

The education sector plan also establishes 17 clear initiatives to support these policy objectives, including establishing free education for girls at all levels and free education for all people with special needs.

Kaduna

The Education Strategic Plan 2006-2015 focuses on:

  1. Providing access to good quality schooling to all children of school age, attaining gender parity, and a student-teacher ratio of 40:1 per class.
  2. Raising the quality of education to ensure that students acquire permanent literacy, numeracy, life skills, and cognitive capacity.
  3. Bettering performance in both school and public examinations ensuring better progression rates and higher completion rates for all students.
  4. Improving planning and management of educational services and institutions to ensure effective delivery of education.
  5. Ensuring accountability to all stakeholders including communities, civil society organizations, and the private sector.

Kano

The Education Strategic Plan details numerous targets revolving around 5 main areas:

  1. Ensuring equitable access to basic education through addressing both supply and demand factors.
  2. Improving educational quality through reducing class sizes, increasing the availability of instructional materials, and improving teacher quality.
  3. Expanding technical and vocational opportunities relevant to the needs of industry and local communities.
  4. Gradually increasing education financing and introducing school grants to support school development.
  5. Ensuring that all schools have school development plans, school-based committees, and boards of governors to improve school governance.

Katsina

The Education Sector Strategic Plan emphasizes strategic policy objectives and interventions that address 5 major challenges in its education system :

  1. Inadequate coverage and an unsatisfactory level of access
  2. Poor quality and relevance
  3. Infrastructural insufficiency and decay
  4. Inefficient management and system inefficiency
  5. Non-sustainable funding and adequate resourcing.

The strategic interventions include increasing community participation, increasing advocacy and sensitization, improving teachers’ welfare packages, and providing teachers with re-training.

Sokoto

The Strategic Education Sector Plan prioritizes 4 policy goals :

  1. Improving the learning performance of pre-school children in 23 local government areas.
  2. Contributing to improvement in net primary school, enrollment, retention, and educational attainment.
  3. Providing basic education, vocational, and life skills for out of school children and women through non-formal education.
  4. Increasing enrollment and retention of children.

The sector plan also specifies four key areas of intervention including constructing schools, purchasing essential learning materials, providing equipment and machineries, and capacity building.

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Latest grant

Overcrowded classrooms and broken infrastructure at Janbulo Islamiyya Primary School, Roni, Jigawa State, Nigeria

CREDIT: GPE/Kelley Lynch
Development objective: to improve access and quality of basic education in selected states, with particular attention to girls’ participation.
Allocation:US$100,000,000
Years:2015-2019
Grant agent:IBRD
Disbursements:US$74,213,050

The GPE grant of US$100 million is supporting the Nigeria Partnership for Education Project (NIPEP). The project primarily focuses on supporting the five states mentioned earlier in the implementation of their education sector plans.

The three main components supported by the GPE grant are:

  1. Improving the effectiveness of schools and learning outcomes by providing grants to support school improvement plans and teacher professional development.
  2. Supporting the inclusion of girls in basic education and promoting gender equality through providing cash transfers to encourage girls' participation, scholarships for women to attend colleges of education, capacity-building and operational support on issues affecting girls' retention and gender sensitivity.
  3. Supporting robust monitoring and evaluation, regularizing the annual assessments of student learning, and financing impact evaluations of school improvement grants and girls' scholarship programs.

The federal ministry of education and the ministries of education of the five selected states lead the program in partnership with the World Bank as the grant agent. USAID is the coordinating agency.

Source: World Bank project appraisal document. May 2015

Grants

All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2015-2019 100,000,000 74,213,050 IBRD Progress report
Sector plan development 2013 249,900 232,961 IBRD Progress report
Program development 2013 480,000 476,992 IBRD Progress report
  TOTAL 100,729,900 74,923,003    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Nigeria. For detailed results from GPE funding, please look for progress reports in the Grants section.

Access

Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Public expenditure on education as a share of public expenditure (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated September 26, 2018