Education in Guinea
Guinea’s Strategic Poverty Reduction Document, the DSRP, identifies education and training as a priority sector and defines four national priorities for education:
- Continuing to work towards achieving universal primary education and expanding basic education, while reducing disparities.
- Improving the quality and relevance of teaching and learning at all levels.
- Developing better programs and training at technical, vocational, and higher education levels in line with national economic needs.
- Strengthening governance in the education sector by improving the efficiency of the system’s management and reinforcing the decentralization process.
Guinea has made considerable progress in recent years, particularly in increasing access to education. The education sector still deals with many challenges related to coverage, efficiency, quality, and equity.
The transitional Education Sector Plan 2015-2017, which has been extended until 2018, outlines numerous objectives related to access, quality, relevance, and governance. These include:
- Expand pre-school coverage and reduce disparities between rural and urban areas.
- Accelerate access and improve retention through school construction, teacher recruitment, and payment restructuring in difficult areas.
- Increase school demand through establishing canteens, distributing school supply kits, and social mobilization campaigns.
- Encourage girls’ enrollment and retention through creating associations of mothers and mentors, and providing training on the benefits of schooling.
- Develop inclusive schools for handicapped children to promote access through disability mapping.
- Improve access to college and increase the transition rate from primary to college for all children.
- Develop access to technical education and training that meets the skilled labor needs for the nation’s development.
- Invest in the creation and rehabilitation of schools for public training.
- Develop public-private partnerships for managing training institutions and modernize learning.
- Accommodate growing enrollment in higher education by restructuring the academics of major institutions, rehabilitating and extending existing infrastructure, revitalizing distance education, and promoting incentives to increase female access to scientific and technical studies.