The benefits of national education accounts
Graph of the week: a national education account can offer important insight to guide policies and reforms in the education sector
September 02, 2016 by GPE Secretariat
2 minutes read
Graph showing education budget expenditure as a share of GDP in Nepal, Cote d’Ivoire, Vietnam and Uganda, before and after the countries put in place national education accounts. Source: UIS

Without national education accounts (NEA), expenditure on education is often vastly underestimated.

This graph by UIS shows the share of education budget as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) in Nepal, Cote d’Ivoire, Vietnam and Uganda. The percentage of these expenditure before the countries established NEAs is in blue, and the actuals after the numbers from the NEA exercise came in are the full bars. 

NEAs can offer considerable insight into the tracking of resources to show where, how and by whom education is funded and who benefits. The data is extremely helpful to governments and their partners as they prepare and implement education strategies, including their financing.

During a webinar organized by GPE yesterday, an overview of the NEA methodology was presented and representatives from Nepal and Uganda shared their experience on the process of building a NEA and the usages of its data to inform policy making, reporting and accountability.

GPE is partnering with the UNESCO International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) and IIEP/ Pôle de Dakar on this work.


Read more: How national education accounts are spurring change

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L'élaboration des comptes nationaux de l'éducation passe par la disponibilité des données des différentes sources de financement (public, privé et extérieur).
D'où la pertinence d’un engagement écrit des principaux acteurs impliqués à fournir, périodiquement les informations et à temps.

L’exerce d’élaboration des comptes nationaux de l’éducation a montré la nécessité d’ajuster, dans leurs contenus, les documents planifications, de suivi et de reddition de compte pour une prise en charge de la Classification des niveaux d’éducation ISCED mais aussi de la classification par nature économique. Ces Classification devraient être prises en compte par les partenaires dans le montage de nouveaux projets ; ce qui permettra de distinguer dès la planification les ressources financières par niveau d’éducation et nature de dépenses.
Un système informatique, prenant en compte la classification par niveaux d’éducation et par nature économique, fédérant l’ensemble des sources de financement faciliterait l’accès aux données. Le traitement des données pourra se faire alors plus rapidement pour la production des CNE.
La mise en œuvre des budget-programmes, dont la date butoir de mise en œuvre dans l’espace UEMOA en janvier 2017, devrait aider les pays de la zone tel que le Sénégal à améliorer le processus d’élaboration des comptes nationaux de l’éducation.

The development of national education accounts requires the availability of data from different sources of funding (public, private and external).
Hence the relevance of a written commitment of key stakeholders to provide information periodically and on time.

The exercise of developing national education accounts showed the need to adjust in their content, schedules, documentation, monitoring and accountability for the management of the classification of education ISCED but also by economic classification. Such classification should be taken into account by the partners in the installation of new projects; which will distinguish from the planning of financial resources by education level and type of expenditure.

A computer system, taking into account the classification of education and economic, uniting all sources of financing would facilitate access to the data. The data processing will be faster then for the production of National Education Accounts (NEA).
The implementation of budget programs, the implementation deadline in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) area in January 2017, should help eurozone countries such as Senegal to improve the process of developing national accounts of the education.

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