This finding is fairly common—there is a global crisis with respect to the teaching of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM), reflected in a lack of interest on the part of young people in fields that are known to support job creation and economic growth.
Make science attractive to everyone
On a global scale, women are less likely than men to pursue scientific studies and more likely to abandon studies in this field. This is in part attributable to the fact that fewer women than men choose these studies, but also to the composition of the working population.
The profile of students and professionals in science fields will not change rapidly, as this depends on both the quantitative and qualitative aspects of education.
The reasons why fewer women gravitate toward science are complex and still require detailed and context-specific analysis.
Once each country has conducted this self-assessment, it will have to draw on different individual, community and societal support mechanisms.
Individual perception and feelings of personal efficacy are decisive factors. We must change this paradigm, as the distribution of roles in our society continues to be highly gender based.
After the birth of a child, it is the mother who, in the vast majority of cases, scales back her professional work to assume responsibility for most domestic tasks. This value, inculcated at a very young age, has already played a role in steering young girls toward supposedly female-oriented games and, later, educational fields.