Where are the most marginalized girls on International Women’s Day? Not in school

New UNESCO Institute for Statistics eAtlas shows too many girls are still left behind

March 07, 2016 by Silvia Montoya, UNESCO Institute for Statistics
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6 minutes read
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Girls studying at school, credit: GPE/Stephan Bachenheimer

Tomorrow, International Women’s Day will release a tide of messages and infographics showing progress and pitfalls in reducing the gender gaps in just about every area – from the numbers of women elected to public office to literacy rates in developing countries.

While welcoming this discussion, I am sure we would all prefer to see action. It is therefore essential to focus on where the inequalities begin and how they can be directly addressed.

The answer lies in education. Without education, we will never change the mindsets and conditions that force a girl into marriage or leave a woman of any age without the skills to earn a decent living.

New eAtlas shows too many girls are still left behind

This week in particular, let’s face the facts. The new UNESCO eAtlas of Gender Equality in Education shows gender gaps from primary to tertiary education using the latest available data from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics. With more than 100 interactive maps and charts, the eAtlas shows the educational pathways of girls and boys in more than 200 countries and territories.

UNESCO eAtlas of Gender Equality in Education
Most strikingly, the eAtlas shows that almost 16 million girls between the ages 6 and 11 will never get the chance to learn to read or write in primary school compared to about 8 million boys if current trends continue.*

Despite all the efforts and progress made over the past 20 years, girls around the world are twice as likely as boys to remain completely excluded from education. And the situation is even worse when we look past the global averages to three regions: sub-Saharan Africa, South and West Asia and the Arab States.

In sub-Saharan Africa, more than 30 million children between the ages of 6 and 11 are out of school. Some of these children will start at a later age but many more will remain entirely excluded, with girls facing the biggest barriers. Within this marginalized group, 9.5 million girls will never set foot in a classroom compared to 5 million boys, according to UIS projections.

The gender gap is even wider in South and West Asia, where 80% of girls out of school will never start compared to 16% of out-of-school boys. About 4 million girls across the region will remain excluded from education compared to almost 1 million boys.

In the Arab States, girls form the majority of the millions of children excluded from school, although precise estimates are impossible to produce with the conflict raging in Syria.

Educating girls is key to achieving sustainable development

We will never achieve any of the Sustainable Development Goals without overcoming the discrimination and poverty that stunt the lives of girls and women from one generation to the next. Every goal – from ending hunger and poverty to climate change – is grounded in the need for equitable and quality education for all.

So instead of celebrating International Women’s Day with slogans and hashtags, let’s take a hard look at the statistics and use them to get every girl in school, learning and on her way to empowerment.

On the bright side, the data clearly show that the girls who do manage to start primary school and make the transition to secondary education tend to continue their studies, with the hope and determination of improving their lives and those around them.

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*The UIS produces annual data on the number of out-of-school children and estimates concerning their likelihood to start school in the future. It is important to note that the numbers of girls and boys who will remain excluded from education can vary considerably from one year to the next due to fluctuations in underlying population estimates. The estimates in this blog are based on the latest available data (for the school year ending in 2013).

You can easily embed and share the maps and charts of the UNESCO eAtlas of Gender Inequality in Education, which is automatically updated with the latest available data. Just grab the embed code or share on social media.

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My Name is Herbert Chikazhe from Mashonaland Central province in Zimbabwe. There are so many girls in my area who are out of school,Girls are less offered the chance for education here due to many reasons,cultural bileives that men are responsible for providing food for the family ,girls are given less attention or none at all.Girls can only get married when they turn 18years,the areas are remote.How can we join and start awareness educating parents,guaidians,elders on this issue.its a critical issue which needs action.Here sexually transmitted disease are spread due to prostition girls without education,having nothing to do because they have no qualifications nothing to do.Men will take advantage of that.

I am also in Zimbabwe and work for Plan International. Indeed Herbert many girls are left behind as they don't enrol for school at all or do not complete school. We however lack quantitative data of how many girls are out.
Intervening for girls' education should be multi leveled. Raising the agency of girls themselves to be aware and motivated to be in school is important. Dymistifying cultural and religious beliefs that puts barriers for girls through positive engagement with appropriate leaders is key. Community mobilisation for education for parents and guardians cannot be over emphasised. Above this, targeted education funding that allows for near and appropriate infrastructural developments at school can accommodate more girls. Coming and being in school should not be a burden. Appropriate and gender equality teaching methods are called for.
Everyone should be involved to ensure girls' education is a reality. #BecauseIAmAGirl

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