Education has long been regarded as the cornerstone of development. However, in the current global context, its role in shaping peace within and across countries is a topic of increasing importance.
Education is not merely a means to individual growth; it is a powerful tool that can influence the future trajectory of societies. If inclusive and of quality, it promotes understanding, tolerance, and peaceful coexistence among individuals and communities.
Moreover, education holds the potential to reduce the likelihood of conflicts by fostering critical thinking, encouraging open dialogue, and creating economic growth opportunities.
A new study to show the links between education and peace
A new study by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) and the Global Partnership for Education (GPE) has reaffirmed the potential for education to build peaceful societies. While the detrimental effects of conflicts and protracted crises on education are well known, this study delves into the relationship between education and peace based on an extensive literature review of quantitative studies.
It also develops a regression model to better understand this relationship. While the results of this study cannot be interpreted causally, there are a number of statistically significant correlations that associate education with more peaceful and stable societies.
Conceptually, peace is difficult to define, often described as what it is not, i.e., the absence of war. While this definition is useful, IEP broadens this definition to encompass the attitudes, institutions, and structures that create and sustain peace, known as “Positive Peace”.
There are eight dimensions or “Pillars” of Positive Peace. Education is the cornerstone of the High Levels of Human Capital Pillar, which has a strong positive correlation with every other aspect of Positive Peace.