Education in Benin
Drawing on the country’s development objectives laid out in the “Vision Bénin Alafia 2025” and approved by the Government in June 2018, the new Education Sector Plan (ESP) for 2018-2030 highlights the government's vision that: "In 2030, Benin's education system ensures that all learners, without distinction, have access to the skills, entrepreneurial spirit and innovation that will make them full-blown/fulfilled, competent and competitive citizens able to ensure economic growth, sustainable development and national cohesion".
The country’s education priorities are based on the policy options and principles mentioned in the sector plan, with particular emphasis on the implementation of the new architecture of the education system:
- Implementing a 12-year universal basic education cycle in line with the universal right to education (SDG 4). This implies reforms and a better targeting of the educational offer for the benefit of boys and girls who are out of the school system.
- Develop a vocational training offer adapted to the needs of economic development in partnership with the private sector through diversifying training programs; increasing reception capacities and improving the performance of technical and vocational education and training; and professionalizing higher education.
- Improve the quality of teaching and learning by reforming the initial and continuing training of education sector actors, teachers, trainers and supervisors as well as administrative and guidance staff for all components of the education system.
- Develop more effective, efficient and inclusive governance through the adoption of an institutional and governance framework adapted to the new education architecture; strengthening decentralization/deconcentration; effective involvement of the private sector, civil society and development partners in a multi-stakeholder dialogue; securing and pacifying the learning environment for children and their preparation for leadership.
The education sector is managed by three ministries: the Ministry of Pre-Primary and Primary Education (MEMP), the Ministry of Secondary Education and Technical and Vocational Training (MESFTP) and the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MESRS).
Strengthened by the previous GPE programs, Benin collects, analyzes, and regularly publishes school statistics, which is handled by the Directorate for Programming and Forward Planning in the MEMP.
The local education group (LEG) helps the government and all partners organize regular joint sector reviews since 2010. All subsectors are represented in the LEG and participate in decision making.