Education in Eritrea
The objective of Eritrea’s National Education Sector Plan 2018-2022 is to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all Eritreans. This objective is aligned with Eritrea’s national development policies and the Sustainable Development Goals.
The ESP is structured in three components:
- Equitable access to general education (pre-primary, elementary, middle and secondary education), adult education, and technical and vocational education (TVET).
- Improved quality and relevance of education of all levels and sub-sectors of education.
- Strengthened institutional capacity.
1. Equitable access
Provision of infrastructure is prioritized to accommodate the growing number of students in all regions and levels of education. Infrastructure under this new sector plan includes classrooms, teacher training facilities and local education offices. Infrastructure needs in the marginalized areas, for children with special needs, areas with higher proportion of out-of-school children, areas of higher enrollment will be assessed and prioritized to serve the equity purposes. Enrollment targets have been set to measure results of the new infrastructure.
2. Relevance and quality
Curriculum revision, teacher professional development, new textbooks and learning materials in local languages have been prioritized. In addition, the TVET system will be revised to respond to the needs of the labor market and for self-employment.
Detailed strategies have been identified for achieving these goals. These include upgrading teacher career paths, teacher deployment to remote areas, teacher training on the new curriculum, development of local languages to write textbooks and other teaching materials, new equipment for science laboratories, and enhance school inspection.
3. System capacity and management
This will help deliver on the overall objective of the sector plan and its specific goals. A new set of tools and methodologies will be developed, and education administration staff will be trained to use them. The existing EMIS will be restructured to include data from TVET; EMIS analysis and reporting will be regularized and policies will be made based on EMIS reports; annual education sector reviews will be carried out to assess progress of various activities, staff management capacity will be enhanced through a range of trainings, and sharing of good practices and ideas.
The Education Sector Plan 2018-2022 was developed by a technical team of experts from the Ministry of Education based on the comprehensive sector analysis (ESA 2017) conducted through consultation workshops and meetings with the local education group, the Steering Committee of the Ministry of Education, regional education officers as well as representatives from line ministries and civil societies. The local education group eventually endorsed the sector plan in February 2018.