Education in Eritrea
In the Education Sector Development Plan 2013-2017 the government of Eritrea recognizes the importance of education and training “for the future prosperity of the country and its people” and therefore considers “education to be the cornerstone of all national development efforts, particularly in human resources development, economic growth and poverty alleviation.”
Eritrea’s education sector plan is a rolling five-year plan that covers all sectors except tertiary education. Despite impressive education sector progress since independence in 1991, challenges to achieving Education for All goals remain. The main obstacles identified and addressed in the plan include low access and high gender and location-based disparities as well as low quality and relevance of education.
To address these challenges, the plan outlines three major sector objectives and specific interventions to address each:
- Increase equitable access to basic (including adult and non-formal education), secondary and technical and vocational education (TVET). Interventions include:
- Construction of additional classrooms and boarding facilities, particularly in locations where they will serve under-privileged groups and regions
- Expansion of teacher outputs by enhancing the Asmara Teacher Education Institute and College of education
- Increasing literacy by expanding adult literacy and post-literacy offerings
- Increasing the transition rate from middle school (Grade 8) to secondary
- Improving secondary school offerings
- Strengthening TVET by reinvigorating Skills Development Centers and building new technical schools as well as renovating existing ones
- Improve the quality of basic, secondary, technical and vocational education through:
- Curriculum development
- Expansion of textbook provision
- Enhancement of schools support systems’ development
- In-service teacher professional development especially through distance education
- Strengthen institutional capacities to offer a better quality of educational services by:
- reviewing the roles and responsibilities of the various actors and the distribution of functions among the different organizational structures
- supporting capacity development of Ministry of Education staff
- developing an Education Information Management System (EMIS).
The Local Education Group (LEG) in Eritrea is referred to as the Education Sector Working Group. Led by the Ministry of Education, it is made up of development partners, including: UNICEF, the European Union, the African Development Bank, the UNESCO National Commission and civil society organizations, such as: the National Union of Eritrean Youth and Students, the National Union of Eritrean Women and the Eritrean Teachers' Association.