Education in Moldova
The government of Moldova identifies education as a national priority and recognizes the role of education in building a knowledge-based society. Education is considered as a determinant of quality of life and opportunities. The education sector in the country is transitioning from a centralized, traditional system to a student-centered one.
Moldova’s main challenges relate to early childhood education coverage, especially for minority and disadvantaged children, and the management, monitoring, and evaluation of the education sector.
Education 2020, the country's sector plan, encompasses seven strategic objectives:
- Increase access and level of participation in education and training by expanding access to quality pre-school education, providing access to inclusive education and a 12-year general compulsory education, increase attractiveness and access to vocational/technical education, and increase participation in higher education and adult training programs.
- Ensure relevance of study for life, active citizenship, and career success through adjusting the content of early education, ensuring the relevance of primary, secondary, and vocational/technical education, modernizing university curriculum, and promoting scientific research.
- Ensure the effective integration of ICT in education through providing educational institutions with modern equipment, developing digital literacy, and increasing the efficiency of school management through information technology.
- Develop, support, and motivate teachers to ensure quality education through increasing the attractiveness of the teaching profession, balancing the supply and demand of teachers, improving initial teacher training, and creating an efficient system of continuous training.
- Design and institutionalize an effective system of evaluation, monitoring, and quality assurance of the education system through developing national standards and creating an institutional framework for quality assurance.
- Optimizing resource management through improving educational institutions planning and management, achieving efficiency in educational financing, modernizing the infrastructure of educational institutions, and providing textbooks and teaching materials.
- Achieving social cohesion while providing quality education through expanding students’ participation in decision-making, ensuring effective parent education, and developing partnerships in the field of education.
All amounts are in US dollars.
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Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.
Primary completion rate (%)
Lower secondary completion rate
Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age
Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age
Pre-primary gross enrollment rate
Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary
Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)
Public expenditure on education as a share of public expenditure (%)
Students/trained teacher ratio
Teachers trained (%)
GPE in Moldova
The most recent GPE grant of US$4.35 million was focused on improving access, quality, and inclusiveness of preschool education.
The four components of the grant were:
- Increasing access to preschool education through rehabilitating or renovating infrastructure and equipping facilities with furniture, equipment, and pedagogic materials.
- Extending access to preschools to special needs and vulnerable children through:
- promoting integrated inclusive early childhood development services
- supporting architectural adjustments to premises
- providing equipment required for establishment of centers for children with disabilities.
- Improving the quality of preschool education through:
- revising the preschool norms and regulations
- providing teacher training
- developing teaching materials
- developing and piloting a school readiness assessment tool.
GPE funds in Moldova have contributed to the following results within the education sector:
- Created access to pre-school services for approximately 1,700 children in rural areas
- Promoted the revision of inclusive education legislation
- Developed guides and trainings on inclusive early childhood development and a parenting program
- Trained 8,458 preschool teachers through innovative nationwide kindergarten based mentoring programs
- Developed and piloted a school readiness instrument to monitor children’s development.
Source: Moldova – Global Partnership for Education Grant – Grant Reporting and Monitoring Report (June 2015)