Education in Sao Tome and Principe

The government of Sao Tome and Principe developed an education sector plan, as well as an Educational Policy Charter 2012-2020 outlining priorities and strategies for the education sector. The final objective of the government is to provide 12 years of free, quality education to all children in the country, as well as offer higher and technical education opportunities.

Although the country has achieved universal primary education, the system faces challenges with respect to efficiency, quality and governance. About 60% of primary education teachers are unqualified.

Blogs and news

A child poses for the camera in Sao Tome. Credit: Helena Van Eykeren
April 19, 2018
The Global Partnership for Education Secretariat approved US$250,000 for Sao Tome and Principe to revise the 2012-2022 education sector plan and develop an action plan.

Latest grant

Young people from Sao Tome and Principe

CREDIT: Helena Van Eykeren/Flickr
Development objective: Improve the system of in-service teacher training and strengthen the management of human resources in the education sector
Grant agent:IBRD

The GPE program implementation grant is encompassed in a broader program supervised by the World Bank, which aimed at improving the quality of education in Sao Tome and Principe. The primary focus of the “Quality Education for All Project - Phase 2” program was improving teaching, one of the most important determinants of learning quality.

In coherence with the key priority areas of GPE, the project had two components, each with respective subcomponents:

  1. Improving the system of in-service teacher training in primary education through:
    • The development of quality assurance scheme to allow for better planning, coordination and implementation of in-service training activities
    • A system of learning assessment to allow for systematic measurement of learning outcomes of students of primary education in order to regularly provide feedback on critical areas of teacher training that need improvements.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2014-2017 1,080,363 1,080,363 IBRD Progress report
2009-2011 3,600,000 3,600,000 IBRD Progress report
Sector plan development 2018 250,000 IBRD  
2017 236,600 IBRD
Program development 2012 200,000 195,168 IBRD  
  TOTAL 5,366,963 4,875,531    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Sao Tome and Principe. Download this PDF to view the country’s progress on 16 results framework indicators monitored by the GPE Secretariat.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated May 15, 2019