Education in Togo

While crises in Togo have hindered education progress, the government has continued to commit to developing effective education strategies. The progress of Togo’s education system entails addressing several challenges. These include low access and equity issues in deprived and rural areas, low secondary schooling completion rates, and low literacy program coverage.

The government’s education strategy 2014-2025 focuses on four key strategies: (i) develop a quality basic education to achieve universal primary education by 2022, (ii) extend preschool coverage in rural and poorer environment, (iii) develop the second cycle of quality secondary, technical, vocational, and higher education courses, and (iv) reduce the illiteracy rate.

The plan spells out four objectives to achieve these strategies:

    • Correcting national disparities through attaining universal primary education, increasing completion rates at the primary and junior high levels, and developing a second cycle of secondary education, technical and vocational training, and higher education that aligns with job market needs,
    • Improving the effectiveness and quality of education services by improving internal efficiency,
    • Developing effective partnerships by opening up dialogue with civil society, involving unions and communities in the decision-making process, and increasing parent participation in school management.
    • Improving the management and governance of the education system by implementing a reliable information system, decentralizing management, and increasing accountability and transparency.

Togo’s education sector plan outlines several guiding principles underlying the chosen actions. These include reducing disparities and inequity, stimulating demand, liberalizing provision of education, and promoting a culture of excellence.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent
Program implementation 2015-2018 27,800,000 11,120,000 IBRD
2010-2014 44,898,450 44,898,450 IBRD
Sector plan development 2013 250,000 238,844 UNICEF
Program development 2013 200,000 186,255 IBRD
  TOTAL 73,148,450 56,443,549  


Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Public expenditure on education as a share of public expenditure (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

GPE in Togo

In June 2014, GPE approved a grant of US$27.8 million for Togo. This grant is expected to help improve the quality of pre-primary and primary education, and increase access and equity in primary education.

The three components of the grant are:

  • Improving the quality of pre-primary and primary education through new curricula and textbooks, teacher training, and school and research grants,
  • Strengthening access and equity in primary education through school construction and equipment, promoting girls’ schooling, and provision of uniforms and sanitary kits,
  • Strengthening education service delivery through capacity building of school management committees and the Education ministry.

The ministry of primary and secondary education leads the program with the World Bank as the grant agent and UNICEF as the coordinating agency.

Source: World Bank project appraisal document. September 2010


The GPE grant has contributed to the following results:

  • The intake rate in grade 3 in 18 deprived prefectures has increased from 91% in 2015 to 95% in 2016,
  • The repetition rate decreased from 18.5% in 2013 to 8.38 % in 2016,
  • 14,549 primary teachers and head teachers were trained in the use of new curriculum,
  • 1,650 schools in the 18 deprived prefectures received school grants,
  • A system for learning assessment at the primary level has been implemented.

Source: World Bank Implementation Status and Results Report – December 2016

The first GPE grant allocated to Togo, together with other donors’ contributions, has contributed to the following progress in Togo:

  • The primary completion rate for girls increased from 72% to 80% between 2012 and 2014.
  • The primary completion rate went from 65% to 83.6% between 2009 and 2014.
  • The primary retention rate increased from 57% to 66% between 2011 and 2014.

Source: World Bank implementation completion and results status report. October 2015

Last updated January 26, 2018