Education in Uganda

The government of Uganda considers education a basic human right. Participating in education is also viewed as part of the solution to reducing poverty. The government is dedicated to providing equitable access to quality and affordable education to all Ugandans.

The education sector in Uganda is constrained by many challenges. These include a high level of teacher and student absenteeism, weak school level management structures, inadequate availability of learning materials, and large class sizes. A major issue is also the availability of teachers in disadvantaged areas and a lack of accommodation for teachers in rural, hard to reach areas.

The Education Sector Strategic Plan 2010-2015 (ESSP) is aimed at addressing three critical concerns:

  • The failure of primary schools to provide literacy, numeracy, and basic life skills to all children.
  • Inadequate preparation in secondary schools for the workforce or tertiary education.
  • Students from disadvantaged backgrounds did not have access to tertiary education. 

Blogs and news

A young student at the new school block at St. Lawrence Primary School. Uganda. Credit: GPSA
May 16, 2019
Strong citizen engagement and social accountability can help improve development outcomes. View how two school communities in Uganda went beyond monitoring the GPE-funded program, and mobilized their...
Participants during the
April 09, 2019
At a meeting in South Africa last month, participants shared experiences and looked for cross-sector solutions to put an end to violence in and around schools.
Children at St. Matia Malumba Primary School  Uganda. Credit: GPE/Livia Barton
March 25, 2019
How can school programs integrate and support climate action

Latest grant

Girls in class at Makamba Primary School Uganda, November 2017.

CREDIT: GPE/Livia Barton
Development objective: Support government in improving teacher and school effectiveness in the public primary education system.
Grant agent:IBRD

Uganda’s first GPE grant of US$100 million is focused on improving teacher and school effectiveness in the public education system.

The three components of the grant are:

  1. Strengthening teacher competency, resources, motivation, and accountability.
  2. Establishing a supportive enabling environment for strengthening teacher competency.
  3. Financing advisory, technical, and capacity building for project implementation, data management, monitoring and evaluation, improving teacher payroll, and preparing the next education sector plan.

The ministry of Education and Sports leads the program with the World Bank as the grant agent and UNICEF as the coordinating agency.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2014-2019 100,000,000 87,230,697 IBRD Progress report
Sector plan development 2018 500,000 UNICEF
2013 250,000 249,717 IBRD
Program development 2013 300,000 299,949 IBRD
  TOTAL 101,050,000 87,780,363    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Uganda. Download this PDF to view the country’s progress on 16 results framework indicators monitored by the GPE Secretariat.


Primary completion rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public expenditure on education as share of GDP (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated May 15, 2019