Education in Benin
Drawing on the country’s development objectives laid out in the “Vision Bénin Alafia 2025” and approved by the Government in June 2018, the new Education Sector Plan (ESP) for 2018-2030 highlights the government's vision that: "In 2030, Benin's education system ensures that all learners, without distinction, have access to the skills, entrepreneurial spirit and innovation that will make them full-blown/fulfilled, competent and competitive citizens able to ensure economic growth, sustainable development and national cohesion".
The country’s education priorities are based on the policy options and principles mentioned in the sector plan, with particular emphasis on the implementation of the new architecture of the education system:
- Implementing a 12-year universal basic education cycle in line with the universal right to education (SDG 4). This implies reforms and a better targeting of the educational offer for the benefit of boys and girls who are out of the school system.
- Develop a vocational training offer adapted to the needs of economic development in partnership with the private sector through diversifying training programs; increasing reception capacities and improving the performance of technical and vocational education and training; and professionalizing higher education.
- Improve the quality of teaching and learning by reforming the initial and continuing training of education sector actors, teachers, trainers and supervisors as well as administrative and guidance staff for all components of the education system.
- Develop more effective, efficient and inclusive governance through the adoption of an institutional and governance framework adapted to the new education architecture; strengthening decentralization/deconcentration; effective involvement of the private sector, civil society and development partners in a multi-stakeholder dialogue; securing and pacifying the learning environment for children and their preparation for leadership.
The education sector is managed by three ministries: the Ministry of Pre-Primary and Primary Education (MEMP), the Ministry of Secondary Education and Technical and Vocational Training (MESFTP) and the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MESRS).
Strengthened by the previous GPE programs, Benin collects, analyzes, and regularly publishes school statistics, which is handled by the Directorate for Programming and Forward Planning in the MEMP.
The local education group (LEG) helps the government and all partners organize regular joint sector reviews since 2010. All subsectors are represented in the LEG and participate in decision making.
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The $19.4 million grant is to support the enhancement of the quality of teaching and learning in basic education, focusing on the early years of primary school, and the improvement of equity in primary education, particularly in four departments: Alibori, Borgou, Collines and Zou.
The grant goes into a pooled fund called the Common Fund Budget (Fonds Commun Budgétaire - FCB), to which other partners may contribute. The program has 3 components:
These objectives are broken down into three components:
- The first component targets the entire country and seeks to improve the quality of basic education, by supporting learning in the early grades of primary school and supporting sweeping reform of pre-service teacher training;
- The second component aims to improve equity in basic education in targeted regions by promoting equitable access to education by providing support to students in years 1 and 2 in public primary schools in the poorest communes in the departments of Alibori and Borgou; and children with disabilities in the departments of Zou and Collines and specialized education and training centers;
- The third component aims to improve education service delivery by supporting capacity building in the ministries of education (MEMP and MESTFP), including in the area of monitoring and evaluation, and project management.
All amounts are in US dollars.
|Grant type||Years||Allocations||Disbursements||Grant agent|
|Program implementation||2020-2024||19,400,000||0||World Bank|
|2014-2018||42,030,538||42,030,538||World Bank||Completion report|
|2008-2012||75,108,025||75,108,025||World Bank||Completion report|
|Sector plan development||2016-2018||428,794||428,794||Swiss Development Corporation|
|Program development||2018-2019||200,000||198,507||World Bank|
GPE has also provided the Benin Coalition of Organizations for EFA (CBO-EPT) with a grant from the Civil Society Education Fund, to support its engagement in education sector policy dialogue and citizens’ voice in education quality, equity, and financing and sector reform.
Education sector progress
The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Benin, and GPE data shows the country progress on 16 indicators monitored in the GPE Results Framework.
Primary Completion Rate (%)
Lower secondary completion rate
Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age
Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age
Pre-primary gross enrollment rate
Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary
Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)
Students/trained teacher ratio
Teachers Trained (%)
Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.