Having achieved nearly universal primary education by 2012, Cambodia broadened its education goals to focus on quality in addition to access. Teacher reform, as set out in the Teacher Policy and Action Plan from 2013, has been a key priority of the Ministry, with various strategies to improve teacher recruitment and performance and pilots over recent years.
The COVID-19 pandemic challenged progress, and evidence of learning loss has fortified the country’s commitment to deliver quality education to all: in 2021, 45% of grade 6 students were not proficient in Khmer language compared with 34% in 2016, and 74% were not proficient in mathematics compared with 49% in 2016.
Cambodia is working with GPE and other partners to improve student learning outcomes. New early grade learning materials provide structured lesson plans for teachers, improved assessments will help teachers identify students’ learning needs, and teacher training will focus on teaching students at their competency levels. The government is piloting new remediation measures to support students who fall behind.