Transforming education in Eritrea

Eritrea's National Education Sector Plan 2018-2022 is the country's second sector plan and the first one underpinned by an education sector analysis. The strategic priority is to improve quality of learning in primary and secondary education by expanding early childhood education, improving teacher qualifications, and by bringing more out-of-school children into schools.

The plan further identifies girls' education and special needs education as cross cutting areas for action.

The Ministry of Education is responsible for education policy formulation, education sector plans, curriculum development, human capacity development, financial planning, disbursements, and reporting. Its organizational structure is composed of the Minister's Office, five departments and six regional (Zoba) education offices.

According to the Decentralization Act 1996, the six Zoba Education Offices are responsible for overall administration and management of the education sector in their respective region. The school management office/unit, together with the Parent Teacher Student Associations (PTSAs), are responsible for the overall school management and school development programs.

The education sector in Eritrea faces some challenges including disparities in access to education among rural and urban regions, the scarcity of reliable data on education, education finance. Factors such as disabilities, poverty and socio-cultural norms hinder participation of many children in schools. The sector benefits from limited overseas development assistance (ODA).

Result story

Building schools, building lives in Eritrea: Meet Rekia

  • Since 2013, GPE has been supporting Eritrea’s Ministry of Education and UNICEF to improve access to quality education.
  • Now children living in rural and nomadic communities like 10-year-old Rekia have better opportunities to learn in an environment that supports their educational needs.
  • Thanks to the efforts the future looks brighter for more children.


(data as of December 08, 2023)

  • Type: Program implementation

    Years: 2020 - 2024

    Allocation: US$17,200,000

    Utilization: US$2,329,141

    Grant agent: UNICEF

  • Type: Sector plan development

    Years: 2017 - 2018

    Allocation: US$500,000

    Utilization: US$500,000

    Grant agent: UNICEF

  • Type: Program implementation

    Years: 2014 - 2019

    Allocation: US$25,300,000

    Utilization: US$25,300,000

    Grant agent: UNICEF

  • Type: Sector plan development

    Years: 2013

    Allocation: US$114,986

    Utilization: US$114,986

    Grant agent: UNICEF

  • Type: Program development

    Years: 2013

    Allocation: US$169,250

    Utilization: US$169,250

    Grant agent: UNICEF

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