Education in Eritrea

The objective of Eritrea’s National Education Sector Plan 2018-2022 is to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all Eritreans. This objective is aligned with Eritrea’s national development policies and the Sustainable Development Goals.

The ESP is structured in three components:

  • Equitable access to general education (pre-primary, elementary, middle and secondary education), adult education, and technical and vocational education (TVET).
  • Improved quality and relevance of education of all levels and sub-sectors of education.
  • Strengthened institutional capacity.

1. Equitable access

Provision of infrastructure is prioritized to accommodate the growing number of students in all regions and levels of education. Infrastructure under this new sector plan includes classrooms, teacher training facilities and local education offices. Infrastructure needs in the marginalized areas, for children with special needs, areas with higher proportion of out-of-school children, areas of higher enrollment will be assessed and prioritized to serve the equity purposes. Enrollment targets have been set to measure results of the new infrastructure.

2. Relevance and quality

Curriculum revision, teacher professional development, new textbooks and learning materials in local languages have been prioritized. In addition, the TVET system will be revised to respond to the needs of the labor market and for self-employment.

Detailed strategies have been identified for achieving these goals. These include upgrading teacher career paths, teacher deployment to remote areas, teacher training on the new curriculum, development of local languages to write textbooks and other teaching materials, new equipment for science laboratories, and enhance school inspection.

3. System capacity and management

This will help deliver on the overall objective of the sector plan and its specific goals. A new set of tools and methodologies will be developed, and education administration staff will be trained to use them. The existing EMIS will be restructured to include data from TVET; EMIS analysis and reporting will be regularized and policies will be made based on EMIS reports; annual education sector reviews will be carried out to assess progress of various activities, staff management capacity will be enhanced through a range of trainings, and sharing of good practices and ideas.

The Education Sector Plan 2018-2022 was developed by a technical team of experts from the Ministry of Education based on the comprehensive sector analysis (ESA 2017) conducted through consultation workshops and meetings with the local education group, the Steering Committee of the Ministry of Education, regional education officers as well as representatives from line ministries and civil societies. The local education group eventually endorsed the sector plan in February 2018.

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Children in class in Ghidae, Eritrea. October 2017.

CREDIT: GPE/Fazle Rabbani
Development objective: increasing access and enrolment and also to ensure retention and completion at primary school.
Allocation: US$25,300,000
Years: 2014-2018
Grant agent: UNICEF
Disbursements: US$21,299,292

In 2013, Eritrea received a US$25.3 million grant from the Global Partnership to implement its education program with UNICEF as grant agent.

The “Enhancing Equitable Access to Quality Basic Education for Social Justice” program aims to enable children from disadvantaged communities in Eritrea, who are out of school, to receive a quality education and successfully complete a basic education cycle. The program is fully aligned with the strategic objectives of Eritrea’s education sector plan and the Local Education Group was involved in the planning of the GPE-supported program.

The program has three principal components:

  • Increasing equitable access to basic education through the provision and expansion of classrooms and schools, strengthening of complementary elementary education, and upgrading facilities catering to children with special needs and hearing impairments.
  • Improving the quality of teaching and learning in primary, lower secondary schools, early childhood development and adult literacy centers.
  • Strengthening the capacity of the ministry of education in management and monitoring.


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation 2014-2018 25,300,000 21,015,057 UNICEF Progress report
Sector plan development 2017 500,000 - UNICEF  
2013 115,000 114,985 UNICEF  
Program development 2013 169,250 169,250 UNICEF  
  TOTAL 26,084,250 21,299,292    

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Eritrea, and GPE data shows the country progress on 16 indicators monitored in the GPE Results Framework.

No data to display

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated April 25, 2019