Education in Ghana
The Education Strategic Plan 2018-2030 is the sixth plan in the series and builds on the previous ones and on other strategic goals such as Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education, and MDGs and is aligned to the more recent Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4 and the National Development Plan 2016-2057.
The ultimate goal of the plan is to ensure that education plays a critical and positive role in the national development agenda and in helping to integrate international development goals into this agenda.
The main priorities of the ESP 2018-2030 include:
- Access and equity: Equal opportunity to obtain access to education, to learn and the provision of an environment that is conducive to learning and achievement of learning outcomes that demonstrate fair and just assessment,
- Quality: Achievement of high level standards and system responsiveness at all levels of education,
- Relevance: Learning, including skills development, which is responsive to individual, community and national development needs,
- Efficiency and effectiveness: Management of all resources that ensure value for money to achieve desired goals,
- Sustainability: Judicious utilization of human, financial and material resources to ensure balanced and continual development of the education system.
While the country has made considerable progress in the last decades, the education sector still faces several challenges which include attracting the remaining out-of-school children, poor learning outcomes in early grades, equity in access and learning, teacher time-on-task and deployment.
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The latest GPE-funded program in Ghana began in November 2012 and closed in August 2016, through the support of a US$75.5 million grant. The program’s objective was to improve the planning, monitoring, and delivery of basic education services in targeted, deprived districts.
The three components of the grant were:
- Provision of grants to deprived districts to support key education objectives and support teacher development.
- Provision of school grants to support schools in providing instructional material, school furniture, mentoring opportunities, guidance and counseling system for girls, and equipment or tools to improve teaching and learning.
- Project management and institutional strengthening through supporting monitoring and evaluation, providing training materials, and improving school supervision.
All amounts are in US dollars.
|Grant type||Years||Allocations||Disbursements||Grant agent|
|Program implementation and multiplier||-||24,900,000||0||World Bank|
|Program implementation||2012-2016||75,500,000||75,500,000||World Bank||Completion report|
|2006-2007||11,000,000||11,000,000||World Bank||Completion report|
|2005-2006||8,000,000||8,000,000||World Bank||Completion report|
|Sector plan development||2017-2019||442,772||442,772||DFID|
|Program development||2018-2019||400,000||383,025||World Bank|
GPE has also provided the Ghana National Education Campaign Coalition (GNECC) with a grant from the Civil Society Education Fund, to support its engagement in education sector policy dialogue and citizens’ voice in education quality, equity, and financing and sector reform.
Education sector progress
The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Ghana, and GPE Data shows the country progress on 16 indicators monitored in the GPE Results Framework.
Primary Completion Rate (%)
Lower secondary completion rate
Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age
Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age
Pre-primary gross enrollment rate
Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary
Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)
Students/trained teacher ratio
Teachers Trained (%)
Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.