Education in Ghana

The Education Strategic Plan 2018-2030 is the sixth plan in the series and builds on the previous ones and on other strategic goals such as Free Compulsory Universal Basic Education, and MDGs and is aligned to the more recent Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4 and the National Development Plan 2016-2057.

The ultimate goal of the plan is to ensure that education plays a critical and positive role in the national development agenda and in helping to integrate international development goals into this agenda.

The main priorities of the ESP 2018-2030 include:

  • Access and equity: Equal opportunity to obtain access to education, to learn and the provision of an environment that is conducive to learning and achievement of learning outcomes that demonstrate fair and just assessment,
  • Quality: Achievement of high level standards and system responsiveness at all levels of education,
  • Relevance: Learning, including skills development, which is responsive to individual, community and national development needs,
  • Efficiency and effectiveness: Management of all resources that ensure value for money to achieve desired goals,
  • Sustainability: Judicious utilization of human, financial and material resources to ensure balanced and continual development of the education system.

While the country has made considerable progress in the last decades, the education sector still faces several challenges which include attracting the remaining out-of-school children, poor learning outcomes in early grades, equity in access and learning, teacher time-on-task and deployment.

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Latest grant

Development objective: create an inclusive education system through improved access and equity, and provision of quality and relevant educational opportunities for all.
Allocation: US$75,500,000
Years: 2012-2016
Grant agent: World Bank
Disbursements: US$75,500,000

The latest GPE-funded program in Ghana began in November 2012 and closed in August 2016, through the support of a US$75.5 million grant. The program’s objective was to improve the planning, monitoring, and delivery of basic education services in targeted, deprived districts.

The three components of the grant were:

  • Provision of grants to deprived districts to support key education objectives and support teacher development.
  • Provision of school grants to support schools in providing instructional material, school furniture, mentoring opportunities, guidance and counseling system for girls, and equipment or tools to improve teaching and learning.
  • Project management and institutional strengthening through supporting monitoring and evaluation, providing training materials, and improving school supervision.

The Ministry of Education leads the program with the World Bank as the grant agent and UNICEF as the coordinating agency.

Source : World Bank project appraisal document - October 2012


All amounts are in US dollars.

Grant type Years Allocations Disbursements Grant agent  
Program implementation and multiplier - 24,900,000 0 World Bank  
Program implementation 2012-2016 75,500,000 75,500,000 World Bank Completion report
2009-2011 14,200,000 8,600,000 World Bank  
2006-2007 11,000,000 11,000,000 World Bank Completion report
2005-2006 8,000,000 8,000,000 World Bank Completion report
Sector plan development 2017-2019 442,772 442,772 DFID  
Program development 2018-2019 400,000 383,025 World Bank  
  Total 134,442,772 103,925,797    
Data last updated: April 03, 2020

GPE has also provided the Ghana National Education Campaign Coalition (GNECC) with a grant from the Civil Society Education Fund, to support its engagement in education sector policy dialogue and citizens’ voice in education quality, equity, and financing and sector reform.

Education sector progress

The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Ghana, and GPE Data shows the country progress on 16 indicators monitored in the GPE Results Framework.

Primary Completion Rate (%)

Lower secondary completion rate

Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age

Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age

Pre-primary gross enrollment rate

Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary

Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)

Students/trained teacher ratio

Teachers Trained (%)

Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.

Last updated June 11, 2019