Education in Haiti
Haiti faces both supply and demand challenges in education. On the supply side, there are not enough spaces for children to enroll in school. On the demand side, the average cost of US$80 in tuition per child/per year before books, uniforms and transportation, puts basic education unaffordable for many.
Haiti’s school system is dominated by the non-public sector, whether for-profit, faith-based or run by non-governmental organizations. More than 80% of primary schools are non-public, enrolling more than 80% of all primary school children.
Haiti’s government has put access to quality education at the top of its policy agenda. In August 2014, it announced 12 policy measures to stabilize and improve governance and quality in the education system.
The current sector plan covers the period 2013 - 2016 and aims to promote the development of early childhood and preschool education, as well as child and adult literacy, and to improve:
- access to, and quality of primary schooling,
- access to, and completion of lower secondary school,
- access to, and retention in general secondary school,
- access to, and governance at the tertiary level and for vocational and technical training
- special education services,
- information systems and management capacities of the ministry of education,
- human resources management and working conditions improvement for education professionals.
A teacher database is being prepared to provide basic data on the country’s 200,000 teachers. Those registered in the system will be issued a teaching permit and given two years to prove they have basic qualifications.
Likewise, data on the country’s 20,000 schools is being captured and a school identity card will be issued, from which time each school has two years to meet certain quality standards. Failing to meet these will mean the school will no longer be allowed to function or be eligible for state support. These two measures are the current priorities of the ministry.
According to national data, in 2014-2015 education spending was 19.8% of Haiti’s total government spending and represented 9% of the gross domestic product.
Haiti has made available to UIS enrollment data for 2011/2012. The ministry of education is enhancing its information system with technical and financial support from partners (IDB, UNESCO, AECID, among others) with the objective to produce updated education indicators every year, starting from July 2011.
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The first GPE grant to Haiti (covering 2010 to 2015) consisted of 3 components: improving access and equity of primary education, improving school performance in primary education and capacity building to enhance the governance of the education system.
The second GPE grant of US$24.1 million for the period 2014-2018, together with other partners' contribution, supports:
- Enrollment of 102,000 students the first year and 35,444 the second year through the tuition waiver program so they can attend non-public schools.
- School lunch program for 34,000 students in targeted schools in poor areas.
The GPE funds are supervised by the World Bank and go into a basket fund where other development partners contribute.
Following the devastation caused by hurricane Matthew in October 2016, US$1 million has been reallocated from the current GPE grant to cover school feeding for 13,888 students in affected areas.
In April 2017, the grant was extended until June 30, 2018 and 2.7 million USD were reallocated to support the tuition waver program.
The coordinating agency for education in Haiti is UNESCO, and the local education group (GSE) includes the major bilateral and multilateral partners that support the education sector in Haiti.
All amounts are in US dollars.
|Grant type||Years||Allocations||Disbursements||Grant agent|
|Program implementation||2014-2018||24,100,000||24,100,000||World Bank||Completion report|
|2010-2015||21,999,969||21,999,969||World Bank||Completion report|
|Sector plan development||2013||169,000||157,202||World Bank|
|Program development||2012||120,200||107,507||World Bank|
GPE has also provided the Regroupement Education pour Toutes et Tous (REPT) with a grant from the Civil Society Education Fund, to support its engagement in education sector policy dialogue and citizens’ voice in education quality, equity, and financing and sector reform.
Education sector progress
The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Haiti, and GPE data shows the country progress on 16 indicators monitored in the GPE Results Framework.
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Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.