Teacher Aidana Azatovna leads a lesson at Ak-Bulak kindergarten. Grozd, Kyrgyz Republic. June 2022 Credit: GPE/Maxime Fossat

Partner since:

Total grant support: US$33,740,489

Grant eligibility:

  • Multiplier
  • System capacity

Education Sector Plan

Objective: Education management; education financing; monitoring and evaluation of the education system.

Other key documents

Coordinating agency: Coordinating Agency Representative, UNICEF/Kyrgyz Republic, UNICEF

GPE Team lead: Muhammad Tariq Khan

Transforming education in Kyrgyz Republic

The Education Development Strategy 2020 (EDS 2012-2020) of the Kyrgyz Republic was officially approved in 2012. It included a costed Action Plan for the period 2012-14.

The EDS was aligned to education Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and based on extensive analytical work and widespread consultations with stakeholders. It was formally appraised using GPE guidelines, and endorsed by development partners in 2013.

The Ministry of Education and Science (MoES) of the Kyrgyz Republic is beginning the process of updating the EDS, aligning to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and projecting a longer-term vision beyond the EDs 2020.

As the EDS is half-way through implementation, the revision will provide a change to review how it is working, incorporate lessons learned, and take account of changes in the political-economic environment.

There has been considerable progress and experience since 2012 in terms of expanding pre-primary coverage, with nearly all pre-primary children benefiting from at least one year of pre-primary schooling. Competency-based curricula have been introduced at the primary level, with revisions for the secondary level nearing completion.

Management of the education budget including funds flow has been moved from the Ministry of Finance (MinFin) to the MoES, which has decentralized significant budgetary responsibilities to the rayon level. Per-capita financing to determine school-level budgets has been rolled out nationally.

The revision process will allow the ministry to assess progress, fine-tune strategies, address the gaps and align the steps to achieve the goals set for 2020 and the Sustainable Development Goals.

Parliamentary elections were held in October, 2015 leading to the appointment of a new Minister of Education and Science. While there is broad continuity in government development strategies through the National Sustainable Development Strategy, the government has set new goals for the social sectors in the context of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); and is placing greater emphasis on employment and technical training.

The MoES is eager to put in place Action Plans for the period 2017-2020, aligned with an updated EDS, and in close collaboration with development partners.

The Kyrgyz Republic’s education system faces several challenges. These include inadequate resource allocation and financial management, inequality in the learning outcomes across geographical regions, very low levels of pre-school coverage, and a shortage of teachers and teaching materials.

The EDS 2020 outlines 12 objectives to be achieved by 2020 (revision for 2017-2020 in progress):

  • The majority of preschool children are in pre-school programs.
  • Access to high quality basic general and secondary education for everyone, regardless of socio-economic status, ethnicity, religion, or gender.
  • Opportunity to choose specializations for graduates of basic general education institutions.
  • Development of working skills aligned to current labor market and population interests and needs.
  • The creation of continuous lifelong learning conditions.
  • Development of social partnership and employers’ proactive participation in the education system and process.
  • Introduction of competence-based learning approach aimed to improve communication, analytical, and decision-making skills.
  • Transition to education credit system to provide mobility and flexibility to students, combining work and study in higher education institutions.
  • Preservation of cultural and linguistic diversity and tolerance in education environment.
  • Support for multichannel education financing and fair distribution of financial resources.
  • Development of strategic planning and management system in education based on data collection and analysis techniques.
  • Launch of a monitoring and evaluation system to systematically improve the education system.

Result story

Kyrgyz Republic: Preparing children for primary school

  • In the Kyrgyz Republic, 39% of preschool children accessed education in 2018. Early learning benefits all children but is especially valuable for the most disadvantaged.
  • With the support of a US$12.6 million GPE grant, the government implemented initiatives to expand access to quality early learning.
  • Thanks to new infrastructure, teacher training and new learning materials, 10,000 students are now enrolled in community-based kindergartens.


(data as of September 21, 2023)

  • Type: System capacity

    Years: 2022 - 2023

    Allocation: US$50,000

    Utilization: US$28,349

    Grant agent: UNICEF

  • Type: Multiplier

    Years: 2021 - 2025

    Allocation: US$5,000,000

    Utilization: US$743,604

    Grant agent: WB

  • Type: Program development

    Years: 2017 - 2021

    Allocation: US$400,000

    Utilization: US$399,557

    Grant agent: WB

  • Type: Sector plan development

    Years: 2017 - 2018

    Allocation: US$500,000

    Utilization: US$398,393

    Grant agent: WB

  • Type: Program implementation

    Years: 2014 - 2018

    Allocation: US$12,699,459

    Utilization: US$13,223,883

    Grant agent: WB

  • Type: Program development

    Years: 2013

    Allocation: US$192,023

    Utilization: US$192,023

    Grant agent: WB

  • Type: Program implementation

    Years: 2011 - 2012

    Allocation: US$5,908,730

    Utilization: US$5,908,730

    Grant agent: WB

  • Type: Program implementation

    Years: 2007 - 2010

    Allocation: US$8,990,278

    Utilization: US$8,990,278

    Grant agent: WB


As part of its investment in civil society advocacy and social accountability efforts, GPE’s Education Out Loud fund is supporting the Association for Education Development in Kyrgyzstan (AED) for the 2020-2023 period. This builds on previous support from the Civil Society Education Fund (CSEF).

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