Education in Mali
Mali’s transitional education sector plan was developed following a period of unconstitutional rule and civil war. It aims to continue some of the work of the previous ten-year sector plan and also restore the school system in areas affected by conflict.
The government of Mali is committed to continuing the implementation of its education development policies to enhance the quality and efficiency of the education system.
The education sector has recently faced considerable challenges due to political instability. Between 2011 and 2013, progress made in the previous decade eroded: The primary gross enrollment ratio decreased from 92% to 83.5%, while the completion rate decreased from 62% to 59%.
The interim education sector plan, the Programme intérimaire de relance du secteur de l’éducation et de la formation professionnelle (PIRSEF) covers 2015-2016 and has been extended till the end of 2017. It is focused on improving quality, access, and governance in the education sector.
The PIRSEF encompasses three main components:
- Improve the quality of teaching and learning by improving professional qualifications for learners, adapting training offerings, and promoting scientific research.
- Improve access to education by building and rehabilitating more facilities, recruiting teachers, fostering social mobilization and stakeholder involvement, and promoting inclusive education.
- Strengthen the governance of education and vocational training by involving communities in school management, supporting the monitoring and evaluation system, and supporting the preparation of a Ten Year Education Sector Plan.
The government of Mali has also pledged to focus on reducing gender disparities, establishing disaster mitigation measures, and improving reading and writing in the early grades.
The government is in the process of developing a new sector plan, with support from a small grant from GPE to carry out the sector analysis.
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The latest GPE grant of US$41.7 million (2013-2017) focused on increasing access and improving the learning environment for affected students in target areas.
The grant supported three components:
- Increase access to quality basic education services through construction and rehabilitation of physical structures, provision of health and nutrition programs, distribution of teaching-learning materials to students in targeted areas, with a focus on displaced students.
- Strengthen the technical and pedagogical capacity of the education system through teacher training and pedagogical support for affected students in order to improve students’ learning.
- Strengthen the administrative and monitoring capacity of the education system by fostering school management committees and providing support for the ministry’s monitoring and evaluation system in targeted areas.
The ministry of Education implemented the program in partnership with the World Bank as grant agent and UNICEF as coordinating agency.
All amounts are in US dollars.
|Grant type||Years||Allocations||Disbursements||Grant agent|
|Program implementation||2013-2017||41,012,073||41,012,073||World Bank||Completion report|
|Sector plan development||2016-2019||442,604||442,604||UNICEF|
|Program development||2018-2019||200,000||199,852||World Bank|
GPE has also provided the Coalition of Civil Society Organizations for Education for All (COSCEPT) with a grant from the Civil Society Education Fund, to support its engagement in education sector policy dialogue and citizens’ voice in education quality, equity, and financing and sector reform.
Education sector progress
The graphs below show overall progress in the education sector in Mali, and GPE data shows the country progress on 16 indicators monitored in the GPE Results Framework.
Primary Completion Rate (%)
Lower secondary completion rate
Out-of-school rate for children of primary school age
Out-of-school rate for adolescents of lower secondary school age
Pre-primary gross enrollment rate
Gender parity index for out-of-school rate – Primary and lower secondary
Public Expenditure on Education as Share of GDP (%)
Students/trained teacher ratio
Teachers Trained (%)
Source: World Bank - Education Data
Data on education are compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics from official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country.