Allocation: US$11 million
Grant agent: UNICEF
The US$11 million COVID-19 grant supports:
- an inclusive and national response training program to build the capacity of teachers and education officers to support students, schools and communities in responding to COVID-19
- learning continuity during school closures for 9.7 million children, in particular the most marginalized, through home-based distance learning
- Provide water, sanitation and hygiene support to schools, including hand-washing stations and school cleaning kits
- training teachers in psychosocial support
- student stipends to children living in COVID-19 affected townships and those affected by COVID-19 to return to school and remain in school
- remedial education to allow students to catch up to their appropriate learning levels.
These initiatives are based on the Ministry of Education’s COVID-19 response plan.
In late March 2020, the UNICEF office in Myanmar received a GPE grant of US$140,000 to support the Ministry of Education in setting up an online communication mechanism with 18 sub-national offices for improved response planning and coordination.
The grant was used also to set up an online platform to train teachers on the new curriculum prior to school re-opening.
Education in Myanmar
Following the start of the country’s various reforms in 2011, public funding for education has significantly increased, leading to an important rise in access. The primary net enrollment rate (NER) increased from 88% in 2009-10 to 93 percent in 2014-15.
Net enrollment in preprimary education saw an impressive growth between 2008 – when roughly 1 in 20 children were enrolled – and 2014 when nearly 1 in 4 children were enrolled.
The National Education Strategic Plan (NESP) 2016-21 was developed as a result of a nationwide comprehensive education sector review, which started in 2012. The NESP represents an important milestone for education in Myanmar, as the country’s very first education sector plan in the context of a major transition towards democracy.
To accompany the NESP, a multi-year workplan and a monitoring and evaluation framework were created. The first multi-stakeholder annual performance review took place in August 2017, and the second in June 2018.
Myanmar established a multi-stakeholder local education group, the Education & TVET Sector Coordination Group (ETVSCG) in 2017.
The group benefits from high-level leadership at the ministry of Education and is co-facilitated by development partners (currently chaired by Australia and UNESCO, with also the Asian Development Bank, Denmark, DFID, EU, Finland, Germany, Japan/JICA, Switzerland, UNICEF and the World Bank).
International NGOs (Save the Children, VSO) and two local civil society groups (MyMe and Ratana Metta) are active members of the group.
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The program supported by the US$73.7 million grant aims at improving basic formal education service delivery in disadvantaged townships through school plans/school grants, and at developing and implementing a continuous professional development (CPD) system. It has 4 components:
- Improve quality and inclusion in formal basic education schools
- Improve school planning and funding
- Improve skills and practices of teachers and head teachers
- Improve access to quality education for marginalized children
- Expand access to quality non-formal education services
- Move towards partnership with ethnic basic education providers
- Strengthen public financial management and human resources management systems
- Technical assistance.
The grant's results-based portion (US$24 million) is tied to outcomes in equity, efficiency and learning:
- Learners can access and graduate from quality-assured, certified and nationally credentialed AE programs to achieve their lifelong learning and career aspirations
- Increased participation by different education service providers and partner organizations in the basic education sub-sector
- Teachers are equitably recruited, promoted and deployed nationwide following the teacher recruitment, deployment and promotion policy and system
- Significant improvements experienced by students in their school and classroom learning environment
- In-service teachers actively participate in teaching and mentoring activities implemented by trainers and mentors, deliver interactive teaching in basic education schools, and achieve Teacher Competency Framework Standards.
The country also received US$14,700,000 in accelerated funding. The objective of the program is to help crisis-affected girls’ and boys’ access safe, quality, and inclusive education that promotes their continuous learning and wellbeing.
The program activities include:
- Provision of safe learning spaces and basic materials to ensure continuity of education services.
- Expansion of access to early learning.
- Provision of non-formal education and life skills education for adolescent girls and boys.
- Support parent teacher associations, school management committees and other village education committees to ensure protection, safety and well-being of children.
- Support open learning for children's safe and continuous, long-term learning.
- Strengthen education in emergencies monitoring and information management; generate evidence for the education cluster; and strengthen local partners' capacity to provide coordinated education response in emergencies.
All amounts are in US dollars.
|Grant type||Years||Allocations||Utilization||Grant agent|
|Accelerated funding||2022-2023||14,700,000||0||Save the Children UK, UNICEF|
|Program implementation||2020-2024||73,700,000||332,465||WB||Progress report|
|Sector plan development||2020-2024||699,062||336,585||UNESCO|
As part of its investment in civil society advocacy and social accountability efforts, GPE’s Education Out Loud fund is supporting Girls Not Bride to mobilize an advocacy alliance across multiple partner countries, including in Myanmar, for the 2021-2023 period.
GPE had provided the National Network for Education Reform (NNER) with a grant from the CSEF to support its engagement in education sector policy dialogue and citizens’ voice in education quality, equity, and financing and sector reform.